Can "natural" flavorings enhance the flavor of low-fat ground beef?

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dc.contributor.author Carmack, C.F.
dc.contributor.author Hunt, Melvin C.
dc.contributor.author Kropf, Donald H.
dc.contributor.author Schwenke, J.R.
dc.contributor.author Kastner, Curtis L.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-10-05T19:04:31Z
dc.date.available 2010-10-05T19:04:31Z
dc.date.issued 2010-10-05T19:04:31Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/6267
dc.description.abstract Natural flavorings were evaluated for use in low-fat ground beef, which frequently lacks flavor intensity. Three lean sources, A-maturity (young), E-maturity (mature cow), and imported (cow) beef round muscles, were used to formulate 7% and 25% fat ground beef. A-maturity fat was added to adjust fat levels. Controls (no added flavors) were prepared for each lean source. No additives were used in 25% fat controls, but 7% fat controls contained water (10%), carrageenan (.5%), and encapsulated salt (.38%). Four "natural" flavorings; Dried Cream Extract (DCE, Cumberland Packing Co., Inc.); Natural Prime Beef Base WONF #224545 and #224546 (224545, 224546, Tastemaker); and Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein (HVP, A.C. Legg, Inc.) were added to 7% fat ground beef at recommended levels. A- and E-maturity domestic 25% fat controls were scored higher (P<.05) for ground beef flavor intensity and lower (P<.05) for off-flavors than 25% fat patties from imported beef. The 7% fat patties from imported lean had greater (P<.05) beef flavor intensity and reduced off-flavors (P<.05) when flavorings 224545, 224546, and HVP were added. These flavorings also enhanced the beef flavor intensity of low-fat patties from A-maturity lean to a level similar to that of the 25% fat control. Beef flavor intensity after a 60-min holding period was not enhanced by the natural flavorings, except when 224546 was added to E-maturity domestic lean. Therefore, the "natural" flavorings were most beneficial with imported lean. en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Cattlemen’s Day, 1993 en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 93-318-S en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Report of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 678 en_US
dc.subject Beef en_US
dc.subject Low-fat en_US
dc.subject Ground beef en_US
dc.subject Flavor en_US
dc.subject Juiciness en_US
dc.subject Lean source en_US
dc.title Can "natural" flavorings enhance the flavor of low-fat ground beef? en_US
dc.type Book chapter (publisher version) en_US
dc.date.published 1993 en_US
dc.citation.epage 9 en_US
dc.citation.spage 7 en_US
dc.description.conference Cattlemen's Day, 1993, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, March 5, 1993 en_US


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