Laboratory evaluation of surface amendments for controlling greenhouse gas emissions from beef cattle feedlots

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dc.contributor.author Aguilar, Orlando A.
dc.contributor.author Maghirang, Ronaldo G.
dc.contributor.author Trabue, Steven L.
dc.contributor.author Rice, Charles W.
dc.contributor.author Erickson, Larry E.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-06T17:54:24Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-06T17:54:24Z
dc.date.issued 2014-03-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/17207
dc.description.abstract Pen surface amendments for mitigating emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), such as nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4), and carbon dioxide (CO2), from beef cattle feedlots, were evaluated under controlled laboratory conditions. Amendments were organic residues (i.e., sorghum straw, prairie grass, woodchip), biochar from those organic residues and from beef cattle manure, and activated carbon. Manure samples were collected from several randomly selected pens from two beef cattle feedlots in Kansas and used in the experiments, either as dry (0.10 g · gˉ¹ wet basis water content) or moist (0.35 g · gˉ¹ wet basis). For each amendment, four different treatment levels (i.e., amounts of material) were placed on top of manure samples in glass containers and analyzed for GHG emissions using a photo-acoustic infrared multi-gas analyzer. From measured concentrations, emission rates were determined. For the dry manure conditions, all amendment materials showed significant reduction of N2O and CO2 emissions compared to the control (i.e., no amendment). For the moist manure conditions, none of the amendments showed significant effects on GHG emissions during the first 8 days; at days 10 and 15 after application, however, the biochar materials performed significantly better than the control (i.e., no surface amendment) in reducing N2O and CH4 emissions. No significant difference was observed in GHG emissions when the amendments were placed on top or mixed within the top surface layer of the manure. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.journal-ijeee.com/content/4/1/41 en_US
dc.rights This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en_US
dc.subject Biochar en_US
dc.subject Feedlot emission en_US
dc.subject Greenhouse gas emission en_US
dc.subject Greenhouse gas control en_US
dc.subject Organic residue en_US
dc.subject Surface amendment en_US
dc.title Laboratory evaluation of surface amendments for controlling greenhouse gas emissions from beef cattle feedlots en_US
dc.type Article (publisher version) en_US
dc.date.published 2013 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1186/2251-6832-4-41 en_US
dc.citation.issue 1 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering en_US
dc.citation.spage 41 en_US
dc.citation.volume 4 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid rmaghir en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid cwrice en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid lerick en_US


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