Backward iteration in the unit ball.



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Kansas State University


We consider iteration of an analytic self-map f of the unit ball in the N-dimensional complex space C[superscript]N. Many facts were established about such maps and their dynamics in the 1-dimensional case (i.e. for self-maps of the unit disk), and we generalize some of them in higher dimensions.

In one dimension, the classical Denjoy-Wolff theorem states the convergence of forward iterates to a unique attracting fixed point, while backward iterates have much more complicated nature. However, under additional conditions (when the hyperbolic distance between two consecutive points stays bounded), backward iteration sequence converges to a point on the boundary of the unit disk, which happens to be a fixed point with multiplier greater than or equal to 1.

In this paper, we explore backward-iteration sequences in higher dimension. Our main result shows that in the case when f is hyperbolic or elliptic, such sequences with bounded hyperbolic step converge to a point on the boundary, other than the Denjoy-Wolff (attracting) point. These points are called boundary repelling fixed points (BRFPs) and possess several nice properties.

In particular, in the case when such points are isolated from other BRFPs, they are completely characterized as limits of backward iteration sequences. Similarly to classical results, it is also possible to construct a (semi) conjugation to an automorphism of the unit ball. However, unlike in the 1-dimensional case, not all BRFPs are isolated, and we present several counterexamples to show that. We conclude with some results in the parabolic case.



Complex analysis, Iteration, Boundary fixed points

Graduation Month



Doctor of Philosophy


Department of Mathematics

Major Professor

Pietro Poggi-Corradini