Drilling of high-performance materials: experimental, numerical, and theoretical investigations



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Kansas State University


High-performance materials, such as silicon, aerospace stainless steels, titanium alloys, and carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) composites, have a variety of engineering applications. However, they usually have poor machinability and are classified as hard-to-machine materials. Drilling is one of the important machining processes for these materials. Industries are always under tremendous pressure to meet the ever-increasing demand for lower cost and better quality of the products made from these high-performance materials. Rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM) is a non-traditional machining process that combines the material removal mechanisms of diamond grinding and ultrasonic machining. It is a relatively low-cost, environment-benign process that easily fits in the infrastructure of the traditional machining environment. Other advantages of this process include high hole accuracy, superior surface finish, high material removal rate, low tool pressure, and low tool wear rate. The goal of this research is to provide new knowledge of machining these high performance materials with RUM for further improvement in the machined hole quality and decrease in the machining cost. A thorough research in this dissertation has been conducted by experimental, numerical, and theoretical investigations on output variables, including cutting force, torque, surface roughness, tool wear, cutting temperature, material removal rate, edge chipping (for silicon), power consumption (for CFRP), delamination (for CFRP), and feasible regions (for dry machining of CFRP). In this dissertation, an introduction of workpiece materials and RUM are discussed first. After that, two literature reviews on silicon drilling and dry drilling are presented. Then, design of experiment and finite element analysis on edge chipping in RUM of silicon, experimental investigations and finite element analysis on RUM of aerospace stainless steels, an ultrasonic vibration amplitude measurement method and a cutting temperature measurement method for RUM using titanium alloys as workpiece, experimental and theoretical investigations on RUM of CFRP composites, and experimental studies on CFRP/Ti stacks are presented, respectively. Finally, conclusions and contributions on RUM drilling are discussed.



Drilling, Rotary ultrasonic machining, High-performance materials

Graduation Month



Doctor of Philosophy


Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Systems Engineering

Major Professor

Zhijian Pei