Progesterone concentrations, estrous response, and fertility in beef heifers after estrous synchronization using melengestrol acetate® and prostaglandin F2α



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Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service


Melengestrol acetate (MGA®) and prostaglandin F2α (PG; Lutalyse®) were used to synchronize estrus in 757 yearling, virgin, beef heifers on six commercial ranches. Heifers were inseminated artificially (AI) 12 h after first detected estrus; those not detected in estrus were time-inseminated 72 h post-PG injection. Heifers detected in estrus by 72 h had higher AI and overall pregnancy rates than their counterparts not detected in estrus. Heifers with serum progesterone > 1 ng/ml at PG administration were generally more fertile than those with progesterone < 1 ng/ml. Of the heifers not detected in estrus and with low progesterone (<1 ng/ml), 24% still conceived to the timed insemination at 72 h, but only 73% became pregnant during the entire breeding period. Overall AI conception rate, based on estrous detection and timed insemination, was 49% and varied from 24% to 69% among the six ranches. Heifers exhibiting estrus and with elevated (>1 ng/ml) serum progesterone showed acceptable pregnancy rates (63% AI and 94% overall).



Beef, Melengestrol acetate, Prostaglandin, Beef heifers, Fertility, Estrus, Progesterone