Comparison of time and method in freeze-marking cattle

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Show simple item record Schalles, R.R. Drake, C.L. Allen, Dell M. 2011-03-17T15:02:17Z 2011-03-17T15:02:17Z 2011-03-17
dc.description.abstract Freeze marking for within-herd identification was used on 65 Hereford females. The cattle were 18 months to nearly three years old. Three numerals were placed on the right rump of each animal in the fall of 1967. The “branding irons” used were four-inch brass numerals with a half inch face. Dry ice and ethyl alcohol were used as the coolant with 40, 50 and or 60 seconds of contact time as well as liquid nitrogen with 39, 35 or 40 seconds of contact. Three men each applied one of the three numerals using dry ice and alcohol coolant with 60 seconds contact time on 14 head. The remaining 51 head were marked by one man. en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Cattlemen’s Day, 1968 en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Report of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station); 518 en_US
dc.subject Beef en_US
dc.subject Freeze marking en_US
dc.subject Dry ice en_US
dc.subject Ethyl alcohol en_US
dc.title Comparison of time and method in freeze-marking cattle en_US
dc.type Conference paper en_US 1968 en_US
dc.citation.epage 12 en_US
dc.citation.spage 9 en_US
dc.description.conference Cattlemen's Day, 1968, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, May 3, 1968 en_US

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