Betaine as a dietary supplement for finishing cattle

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dc.contributor.author Loest, C.A.
dc.contributor.author Hunter, R.D.
dc.contributor.author Wessels, R.H.
dc.contributor.author Drouillard, James S.
dc.contributor.author Titgemeyer, Evan C.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-09-02T20:28:51Z
dc.date.available 2010-09-02T20:28:51Z
dc.date.issued 2010-09-02T20:28:51Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/4789
dc.description.abstract One hundred seventy five steers (902 lb initial body weight) were used in a finishing study to determine the effect of betaine, provided either as feed-grade betaine (Betafin-S6, Finnsugar Bioproducts) or as concentrated separator by-product (CSB; desugared beet molasses), on animal performance and carcass characteristics. Steers were fed a finishing diet based on steam-flaked and dry-rolled corn. Treatments included 10.5 or 21 g/steer daily supplemental feed-grade betaine or 250 g (15.5 betaine) or 500 g (31 g betaine) of CSB per steer daily. Dry matter intakes increased (linear, P<0.1) for steers supplemented with feed- grade betaine. Average daily gains and feed efficiencies were not affected by treatments. Dressing percent and twelfth rib back fat increased (P<0.1) for steers that received feed-grade betaine. Rib-eye area decreased (P<0.1) when steers were supplemented with either feed-grade betaine or CSB. Yield grades were significantly higher (linear, P<0.1) for cattle receiving supplemental CSB or feed-grade betaine (quadratic, P<.05). Hot carcass weights, KPH, marbling scores, and percentage of carcasses grading USDA Choice were not affected by supplemental betaine. In this study, betaine supplementation did not markedly alter growth performance, but carcass fatness tended to increase for both supplements. en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 97-309-S en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Report of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 804 en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Cattlemen's Day, 1998 en_US
dc.subject Beef en_US
dc.subject Betaine en_US
dc.subject Steers en_US
dc.subject Performance en_US
dc.subject Feedlot carcasses en_US
dc.title Betaine as a dietary supplement for finishing cattle en_US
dc.type Conference paper en_US
dc.date.published 1998 en_US
dc.citation.epage 78 en_US
dc.citation.spage 76 en_US
dc.description.conference Cattlemen's Day, 1998, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, March 6, 1998 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jdrouill en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid etitgeme en_US


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