The potential link between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and post-exercise airway narrowing across puberty: a longitudinal cohort study

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dc.contributor.author Emerson, Sam R.
dc.contributor.author Rosenkranz, Sara K.
dc.contributor.author Rosenkranz, Richard R.
dc.contributor.author Kurti, Stephanie P.
dc.contributor.author Harms, Craig A.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-15T15:20:25Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-15T15:20:25Z
dc.date.issued 2015-10-30
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/35193
dc.description Citation: Emerson, S. R., Rosenkranz, S. K., Rosenkranz, R. R., Kurti, S. P., & Harms, C. A. (2016). The potential link between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and post-exercise airway narrowing across puberty: a longitudinal cohort study. Public Health Nutrition, 19(13), 2435-2440. doi:10.1017/s1368980015003109
dc.description.abstract Objective The prevalence of asthma is rising, presenting serious public health challenges. Recent data suggest that sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption plays a role in asthma aetiology. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether SSB consumption is linked to post-exercise airway narrowing (predictor of asthma development) across puberty. Design Participants completed pulmonary function tests, physical activity and dietary habit questionnaires, and an exercise test to exhaustion. Setting Community in Manhattan, Kansas, USA. Subjects We recruited ten boys and ten girls from an original cohort of forty participants tested in our laboratory approximately 5 years prior. Participants were aged 9<bold></bold>7 (sd 0<bold></bold>9) years at baseline and 14<bold></bold>7 (sd 0<bold></bold>9) years at follow-up. Results Pre-puberty, boys consumed 6<bold></bold>8 (sd 4<bold></bold>8) servings/week and girls consumed 6<bold></bold>9 (sd 3<bold></bold>7) servings/week, while post-puberty boys consumed 11<bold></bold>5 (sd 5<bold></bold>3) servings/week and girls consumed 7<bold></bold>7 (sd 4<bold></bold>3) servings/week. Using Pearson correlation, SSB consumption was not significantly related to post-exercise airway narrowing at pre-puberty (r=-0<bold></bold>35, P=0<bold></bold>130). In linear regression analyses, SSB consumption was significantly related to post-exercise airway narrowing post-puberty before (standardized =-0<bold></bold>60, P=0<bold></bold>005) but not after (standardized =-0<bold></bold>33, P=0<bold></bold>211) adjustment for confounders. Change in SSB consumption from pre- to post-puberty was significantly associated with post-exercise airway narrowing post-puberty (r=-0<bold></bold>61, P=0<bold></bold>010) and change in post-exercise airway narrowing from pre- to post-puberty (r=-0<bold></bold>45, P=0<bold></bold>048) when assessed via Pearson correlations. Conclusions These findings suggest a possible link between SSB consumption and asthma development during maturation. Reduced SSB intake may be a possible public health avenue for blunting rising asthma prevalence.
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980015003109
dc.rights © The Authors 2015. This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
dc.rights.uri http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1368-9800/
dc.subject Sexual Maturation
dc.subject Bronchoconstriction
dc.subject Soft Drinks
dc.subject Diet
dc.subject Asthma
dc.subject Adolescence
dc.title The potential link between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and post-exercise airway narrowing across puberty: a longitudinal cohort study
dc.type Article
dc.date.published 2016
dc.citation.doi 10.1017/s1368980015003109
dc.citation.epage 2440
dc.citation.issn 1368-9800
dc.citation.issue 13
dc.citation.jtitle Public Health Nutrition
dc.citation.spage 2435
dc.citation.volume 19
dc.description.embargo 10/30/2017
dc.contributor.authoreid sararose
dc.contributor.authoreid ricardo
dc.contributor.authoreid caharms
dc.contributor.kstate Rosenkranz, Sara K.
dc.contributor.kstate Rosenkranz, Richard R.
dc.contributor.kstate Harms, Craig A.
dc.contributor.kstate Emerson, Sam R.
dc.contributor.kstate Kurti, Stephanie P.


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