Determination of entrapment victim extrication forces with and without use of a grain rescue tube

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dc.contributor.author Roberts, M. J.
dc.contributor.author Field, W. E.
dc.contributor.author Maier, Dirk E.
dc.contributor.author Stroshine, R. L.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-06T14:26:26Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-06T14:26:26Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/32319
dc.description Citation: Roberts, M. J., Field, W. E., Maier, D. E., & Stroshine, R. L. (2015). Determination of entrapment victim extrication forces with and without use of a grain rescue tube. Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health, 21(2), 71-83. doi:10.13031/jash.21.10150
dc.description The forces required to extricate a test mannequin from a grain mass when buried at different depths with and without a grain restraint system were determined. When there was no grain restraint system in place, the vertical force required to pull the mannequin from the grain when it was buried waist deep and to the underarms was 1259 and 1766 N (283 and 397 lbf), respectively. It increased to 1584 N (356 lbf) (+26%) and 2153 N (484 lbf) (+22%), respectively, with the restraint in place due to the changes in grain properties brought about by the insertion of the rescue tube. It was concluded that the use of a grain restraint during extrication of a victim does not reduce the forces required and that forcefully pulling an entrapped victim, especially with mechanical assistance, with or without a grain restraint system could result in severe injuries and possible death due to the forces exerted on the victim. The authors recommend that these findings be incorporated into current grain extrication training for emergency first responders. © 2015 ASABE.
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.13031/jash.21.10150
dc.rights Copyright by American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
dc.rights.uri http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1074-7583/
dc.subject Grain Bin Rescue
dc.subject Grain Entrapment
dc.subject Grain Rescue Tubes
dc.subject Agriculture
dc.subject Audiovisual Equipment
dc.subject Cereal
dc.title Determination of entrapment victim extrication forces with and without use of a grain rescue tube
dc.type Article
dc.date.published 2015
dc.citation.doi 10.13031/jash.21.10150
dc.citation.epage 83
dc.citation.issn 1074-7583
dc.citation.issue 2
dc.citation.jtitle Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
dc.citation.spage 71
dc.citation.volume 21
dc.contributor.authoreid dmaier


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