Torrefaction of Conservation Reserve Program biomass: a techno-economic evaluation

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dc.contributor.author Xu, Feng
dc.contributor.author Linnebur, Kyle
dc.contributor.author Wang, Donghai
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-05T18:28:51Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-05T18:28:51Z
dc.date.issued 2014-07-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/18864
dc.description.abstract The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), which was initiated to prevent soil erosion, provides a large amount of cellulosic biomass that is potentially useful for bioenergy production. We investigated the effects of torrefaction conditions on the physicochemical properties of CRP biomass using an elemental analyzer, a thermogravimetric analyzer, and a calorimeter. Results suggest that the upgraded biomass is a hydrophobic, high-energy density, and low-moisture-content material. The study on biomass polymer composition showed how polymer components changed with processing conditions. The polysaccharides in biomass were degraded significantly at 300 °C, suggesting that processing conditions should be managed properly for sugar or energy recovery. Our economic analysis suggested that the processing cost for a torrefaction plant with an annual capacity of 100,000 tons of CRP biomass is $16.3 per ton of feedstock. Further analysis of the effects of torrefaction on the biomass supply chain suggested that processing could save pelletization and transportation costs. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.07.030 en_US
dc.rights This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). en_US
dc.rights.uri http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subject Torrefaction en_US
dc.subject Conservation Reserve Program en_US
dc.subject Biomass en_US
dc.subject Economic evaluation en_US
dc.title Torrefaction of Conservation Reserve Program biomass: a techno-economic evaluation en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2014 en_US
dc.citation.doi 10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.07.030 en_US
dc.citation.epage 387 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Industrial Crops and Products en_US
dc.citation.spage 382 en_US
dc.citation.volume 61 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid dwang en_US


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This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). Except where otherwise noted, the use of this item is bound by the following: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

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