Physical activity intervention effects on perceived stress in working mothers: the role of self-efficacy

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dc.contributor.author Mailey, Emily L.
dc.contributor.author McAuley, Edward
dc.date.accessioned 2014-11-04T19:22:06Z
dc.date.available 2014-11-04T19:22:06Z
dc.date.issued 2014-11-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/18632
dc.description.abstract Working mothers often report elevated stress, and efforts to improve their coping resources are needed to buffer the detrimental effects of stress on health. This study examined the impact of changes in physical activity, self-efficacy, and self-regulation across the course of a brief intervention on subsequent levels of stress in working mothers. Participants (N=141) were randomly assigned to an intervention or control condition (2:1 ratio). The intervention was conducted in Illinois between March 2011-January 2012 and consisted of two group-mediated workshop sessions with content based on Social Cognitive Theory. Participants completed measures of physical activity, self-efficacy, self-regulation, and perceived stress at baseline, immediately post-intervention, and 6-month follow-up. Stress levels declined across the 6-month period in both groups. Changes in stress were negatively associated with changes in self-efficacy and self-regulation among intervention participants only. Regression analyses revealed the intervention elicited short-term increases in physical activity, self-efficacy, and self-regulation, but only changes in self-efficacy predicted perceived stress at 6-month follow-up. These results suggest that enhancing self-efficacy is likely to improve working mothers’ perceived capabilities to cope with stressors in their lives. Future interventions should continue to focus on increasing self-efficacy to promote improvements in physical activity and psychological well-being in this population. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03630242.2014.899542#.VEgIqcVdVQx en_US
dc.rights This is an electronic version of an article published in Women & Health, 54(6), 552-568. Women & Health is available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03630242.2014.899542#.VEgIqcVdVQx en_US
dc.subject Working mothers en_US
dc.subject Physical activity en_US
dc.subject Self-efficacy en_US
dc.subject Stress en_US
dc.title Physical activity intervention effects on perceived stress in working mothers: the role of self-efficacy en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2014 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1080/03630242.2014.899542 en_US
dc.citation.epage 568 en_US
dc.citation.issue 6 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Women & Health en_US
dc.citation.spage 552 en_US
dc.citation.volume 54 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid emailey en_US


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