Size reduction of poplar wood using a lathe for biofuel manufacturing: effects of biomass crystallinity on sugar yield

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dc.contributor.author Zhang, Meng
dc.contributor.author Song, Xiaoxu
dc.contributor.author Pei, Zhijian J.
dc.contributor.author Deines, Timothy W.
dc.contributor.author Wang, Donghai
dc.date.accessioned 2014-05-22T15:19:35Z
dc.date.available 2014-05-22T15:19:35Z
dc.date.issued 2014-03-07
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/17785
dc.description.abstract Poplar wood can be used as a feedstock for manufacturing cellulosic biofuel (ethanol) as an alternative to petroleum-based liquid transportation fuel. Producing biofuel from poplar wood involves reducing poplar wood into small particles (known as size reduction), hydrolyzing cellulose inside poplar particles to fermentable sugars, and converting these sugars to ethanol biofuel. Size reduction is usually done by wood chipping and biomass milling. In the literature, there are inconsistent reports about effects of particle size and biomass crystallinity on sugar yield (proportional to ethanol yield). An important reason for this inconsistence is that effects of these two biomass structural features (particle size and biomass crystallinity) on sugar yield are confounded with current size reduction methods. In this study, a lathe was used to produce poplar wood particles with (statistically) the same particle size (thickness) but different levels of biomass crystallinity, making it possible to investigate effects of biomass crystallinity on sugar yield without being confounded with effects of particle size. Results from this study show that, for the three levels of biomass crystallinity tested, sugar yield increased as biomass crystallinity decreased. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://doi.org/10.1080/10910344.2014.863608 en_US
dc.rights This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). en_US
dc.rights.uri https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/
dc.subject Biofuel en_US
dc.subject Cellulosic biomass en_US
dc.subject Crystallinity en_US
dc.subject Poplar wood en_US
dc.subject Size reduction en_US
dc.subject Sugar yield en_US
dc.title Size reduction of poplar wood using a lathe for biofuel manufacturing: effects of biomass crystallinity on sugar yield en_US
dc.type Text en_US
dc.date.published 2014 en_US
dc.citation.doi 10.1080/10910344.2014.863608 en_US
dc.citation.epage 14 en_US
dc.citation.issue 1 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Machining Science and Technology en_US
dc.citation.spage 1 en_US
dc.citation.volume 18 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid meng en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid xiaoxu en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid zpei en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid tdeines en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid dwang en_US
dc.description.version Article: Author Version


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This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). Except where otherwise noted, the use of this item is bound by the following: This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).

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