Is food security a new tariff? Explaining changes in sanitary and phytosanitary regulations by World Trade Organization members

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dc.contributor.author Kassatly, Raymond
dc.contributor.author Long, Andrew G.
dc.contributor.author Kastner, Justin J.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-26T16:48:41Z
dc.date.available 2013-08-26T16:48:41Z
dc.date.issued 2013-08-26
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/16361
dc.description.abstract Scholars at the intersection of agricultural trade policy and health regulation have speculated that some governments, under the pretext of health protection, have adopted food safety and plant and animal health regulations to shield domestic farmers from foreign competition. In this paper, we investigate the relationship between trade protection for agriculture and the number of trade‐restricting sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) regulatory notifications issued by World Trade Organization (WTO) members. We construct an empirical model to determine the influence of agricultural protectionism, agricultural interest groups, consumer sentiment, and institutional capacity on changes to a government’s SPS rules. The findings suggest that governments’ adoption of trade‐restricting sanitary and phytosanitary regulations are influenced by agricultural protectionism, even after controlling for consumer awareness and institutional capacity. The evidence suggests that health related trade policies are substituting for more traditional forms of agricultural protectionism. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/gej.2013.13.issue-1/gej-2012-0025/gej-2012-0025.xml en_US
dc.subject World Trade Organization en_US
dc.subject SPS Agreement en_US
dc.subject Sanitary and phytosanitary notifications en_US
dc.subject Agricultural protectionism en_US
dc.subject Consumer welfare en_US
dc.subject Consumer awareness en_US
dc.title Is food security a new tariff? Explaining changes in sanitary and phytosanitary regulations by World Trade Organization members en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2013 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1515/gej-2012-0025 en_US
dc.citation.epage 46 en_US
dc.citation.issue 1 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Global Economy Journal en_US
dc.citation.spage 25 en_US
dc.citation.volume 13 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid aglong en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jkastner en_US


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