Exploring the distribution of park availability, features, and quality across Kansas City, Missouri by income and race/ethnicity: an environmental justice investigation

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dc.contributor.author Vaughan, Katherine B.
dc.contributor.author Kaczynski, Andrew T.
dc.contributor.author Wilhelm Stanis, Sonja A.
dc.contributor.author Besenyi, Gina M.
dc.contributor.author Bergstrom, Ryan
dc.contributor.author Heinrich, Katie M.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-06-25T14:17:17Z
dc.date.available 2013-06-25T14:17:17Z
dc.date.issued 2013-06-25
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/15933
dc.description.abstract Background: Parks are key community assets for physical activity, but some evidence suggests these resources are not equitably distributed. Purpose: This study examined disparities by income and race/ethnicity in the availability, features, and quality of parks across Kansas City, Missouri. Methods: All parks and census tracts (CTs) were mapped using GIS and park features and quality were determined via audits. MANCOVAs analyzed differences in park availability, features, and quality across low, medium and high income and race/ethnicity CT tertiles. Results: Low income CTs contained significantly more parks, but also had fewer parks with playgrounds and more quality concerns per park. High minority CTs had more parks with basketball courts, but fewer parks with trails. Medium income CTs contained more aesthetic features per park. Conclusions: Future research should examine policies that contribute to and that might rectify disparities in park features and quality, especially in low income and high minority areas. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12160-012-9425-y en_US
dc.rights The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com en_US
dc.subject Parks en_US
dc.subject Built environment en_US
dc.subject Physical activity en_US
dc.subject Income en_US
dc.subject Race/ethnicity en_US
dc.subject Environmental justice en_US
dc.title Exploring the distribution of park availability, features, and quality across Kansas City, Missouri by income and race/ethnicity: an environmental justice investigation en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2013 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1007/s12160-012-9425-y en_US
dc.citation.epage S38 en_US
dc.citation.issue Supplement 1 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Annals of Behavioral Medicine en_US
dc.citation.spage S28 en_US
dc.citation.volume 45 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid kmhphd en_US


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