Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011

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dc.contributor.author Erdozain, Gonzalo
dc.contributor.author KuKanich, Katherine
dc.contributor.author Chapman, Benjamin
dc.contributor.author Powell, Douglas A.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-06-04T19:50:50Z
dc.date.available 2013-06-04T19:50:50Z
dc.date.issued 2012-07-30
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/15881
dc.description.abstract Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9) and Missouri (4), U.S., petting zoos. Handwashing signs and hand hygiene stations were available at the exit of animal-contact areas in 10/13 and 8/13 petting zoos respectively. Risky behaviors were observed being performed at all petting zoos by at least one visitor. Frequently observed behaviors were: children (10/13 petting zoos) and adults (9/13 petting zoos) touching hands to face within animal-contact areas; animals licking children’s and adults’ hands (7/13 and 4/13 petting zoos, respectively); and children and adults drinking within animal-contact areas (5/13 petting zoos each). Of 574 visitors observed for hand hygiene when exiting animal-contact areas, 37% (n=214) of individuals attempted some type of hand hygiene, with male adults, female adults, and children attempting at similar rates (32%, 40%, and 37% respectively). Visitors were 4.8x more likely to wash their hands when a staff member was present within or at the exit to the animal-contact area (136/231, 59%) than when no staff member was present (78/343, 23%; p<0.001, OR=4.863, 95% C.I.=3.380-6.998). Visitors at zoos with a fence as a partial barrier to human-animal contact were 2.3x more likely to wash their hands (188/460, 40.9%) than visitors allowed to enter the animals’ yard for contact (26/114, 22.8%; p<0.001, OR=2.339, 95% CI=1.454-3.763). Inconsistencies existed in tool availability, signage, and supervision of animal-contact. Risk communication was poor, with few petting zoos outlining risks associated with animal-contact, or providing recommendations for precautions to be taken to reduce these risks. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1863-2378.2012.01531.x en_US
dc.rights This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Erdozain, G., KuKanich, K., Chapman, B., & Powell, D. (2013). Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011. Zoonoses and Public Health, 60(4), 304-310, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1863-2378.2012.01531.x/full en_US
dc.subject Petting zoo en_US
dc.subject Zoonotic transmission en_US
dc.subject Handwashing practices en_US
dc.subject Risk behavior en_US
dc.subject Animal contact en_US
dc.title Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011 en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2013 en_US
dc.citation.doi 10.1111/j.1863-2378.2012.01531.x en_US
dc.citation.epage 310 en_US
dc.citation.issue 4 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Zoonoses and Public Health en_US
dc.citation.spage 304 en_US
dc.citation.volume 60 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid dpowell en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid kstenske en_US


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