Neighborhood-level socioeconomic and urban land use risk factors of canine leptospirosis: 94 cases (2002–2009)

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dc.contributor.author Raghavan, Ram K.
dc.contributor.author Brenner, Karen M.
dc.contributor.author Higgins, James J.
dc.contributor.author Hutchinson, J. M. Shawn
dc.contributor.author Harkin, Kenneth R.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-12T17:39:10Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-12T17:39:10Z
dc.date.issued 2013-02-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/15297
dc.description.abstract Associations of housing, population, and agriculture census variables, and presence near public places were retrospectively evaluated as potential risk factors for canine leptospirosis using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The sample population included 94 dogs positive for leptospirosis based on a positive polymerase chain reaction test for leptospires on urine, isolation of leptospires on urine culture, a single reciprocal serum titer of 12,800 or greater, or a four-fold rise in reciprocal serum titers over a 2–4 week period; and 185 dogs negative for leptospirosis based on a negative polymerase chain reaction test and reciprocal serum titers less than 400. Multivariable logistic regressions revealed different risk factors among different census units; however, houses lacking complete plumbing facilities [OR = 2.80, 95% C.I. = 1.82, 4.32 (census unit, block group); OR = 1.36, 95% C.I. = 1.28, 1.45 (census tract); OR = 3.02, 95% C.I. = 2.60, 3.52 (county)]; and poverty status by age (18–64) [OR = 2.04, 95% C.I. = 1.74, 2.39 (block group); OR = 1.53, 95% C.I. = 1.41, 1.67 (census tract); and OR = 1.62, 95% C.I. = 1.50, 1.76 (county)] were consistent risk factors for all census units. Living within 2500 m of a university/college and parks/forests were also significantly associated with leptospirosis status in dogs. Dogs that live under these circumstances are at higher risk for leptospirosis and pet owners should consider vaccination. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167587712001341 en_US
dc.subject Leptospirosis en_US
dc.subject Canine en_US
dc.subject Socio-economic status en_US
dc.subject Modifiable Areal Unit Problem (MAUP) en_US
dc.subject Geographic Information Systems (GIS) en_US
dc.title Neighborhood-level socioeconomic and urban land use risk factors of canine leptospirosis: 94 cases (2002–2009) en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2012 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.04.003 en_US
dc.citation.epage 331 en_US
dc.citation.issue 3-4 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Preventive Veterinary Medicine en_US
dc.citation.spage 324 en_US
dc.citation.volume 106 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid rkraghavan en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jhiggins en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid shutch en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid harkin en_US


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