Obesity and the built environment

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dc.contributor.author Booth, Katie M.
dc.contributor.author Pinkston, Megan M.
dc.contributor.author Poston, Walker S. Carlos
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-06T17:27:47Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-06T17:27:47Z
dc.date.issued 2013-02-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/15292
dc.description.abstract Biological, psychological, behavioral, and social factors are unable to fully explain or curtail the obesity epidemic. The goal of this paper is to provide a review of research on the influence of the built environment on obesity. Studies were evaluated with regard to their methods of assessing the environment and obesity, as well as to their effects. Methods used to investigate the relationships between the built environment and obesity were found to be dissimilar across studies and varied from indirect to direct. Levels of assessment between and within studies varied from entire counties down to the individual level. Despite this, obesity was linked with area of residence, resources, television, walkability, land use, sprawl, and level of deprivation, showing promise for research utilizing more consistent assessment methods. Recommendations were made to use more direct methods of assessing the environment which would include specific targeting of institutions thought to vary widely in relation to area characteristics and have a more influential effect on obesity-related behaviors. Interventions should be developed from the individual to the neighborhood level, specifically focusing on the effects of eliminating barriers and making neighborhood level improvements that would facilitate the elimination of obesogenic environments. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.journals.elsevierhealth.com/periodicals/yjada/article/S0002-8223%2805%2900313-5/abstract en_US
dc.subject Obesity en_US
dc.subject Built environment en_US
dc.title Obesity and the built environment en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2005 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1016/j.jada.2005.02.045 en_US
dc.citation.epage 117 en_US
dc.citation.issue 5S en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Journal of the American Dietetic Association en_US
dc.citation.spage 110 en_US
dc.citation.volume 105 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid kmhphd en_US

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