Effect of adult leader participation on physical activity in children

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dc.contributor.author Hastmann, Tanis J.
dc.contributor.author Foster, Karla E.
dc.contributor.author Rosenkranz, Richard R.
dc.contributor.author Rosenkranz, Sara K.
dc.contributor.author Dzewaltowski, David A.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-15T15:20:15Z
dc.date.available 2013-01-15T15:20:15Z
dc.date.issued 2013-01-15
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/15204
dc.description.abstract Background: Participation in physically active games is one way to increase energy expenditure in children. However, it is unknown whether adult leader participation (LP) in games can impact children’s physical activity (PA) levels. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of LP compared to no LP on PA levels among children participating in organized active games. Methods: Children (n = 14) in grades 4 - 6 (Male = 42.8%, White = 50%, Overweight/ Obese = 42.8%) participated in four active games across two consecutive days. Each day, children participated in two 16-minute games and received verbal encouragement from an adult leader. Each game was divided into four-minute intervals alternating between LP or no LP. LP was counter-balanced across two days. Each child wore an Actigraph GT1M accelerometer. Time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA), vig-orous PA (VPA), and sedentary behavior (SB) was determined by Freedson’s MET prediction. Data were analyzed using a condition (LP or no LP) by game repeated-measures ANCOVA. Re- sults: Children participated in MVPA 52.3% of game time across all games. There were no differences in MVPA, VPA, and SB by gender, weight status, or ethnicity. LP and no LP conditions were not different for MVPA, VPA, or SB. Conclusions: These results show no effect of LP on PA in children during active games. It may be that LP could not increase PA because the children were already exhibiting high levels of MVPA. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=24599 en_US
dc.subject Accelerometer en_US
dc.subject Obesity en_US
dc.subject Exercise en_US
dc.subject Evidence-Based Research en_US
dc.subject Physical activity en_US
dc.title Effect of adult leader participation on physical activity in children en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2012 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.4236/ojpm.2012.24061 en_US
dc.citation.epage 435 en_US
dc.citation.issue 4 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Open Journal of Preventive Medicine en_US
dc.citation.spage 429 en_US
dc.citation.volume 2 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid ricardo en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid sararose en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid dadx en_US


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