HOP’N after-school project: an obesity prevention randomized controlled trial

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dc.contributor.author Dzewaltowski, David A.
dc.contributor.author Rosenkranz, Richard R.
dc.contributor.author Geller, Karly S.
dc.contributor.author Coleman, Karen J.
dc.contributor.author Welk, Greg J.
dc.contributor.author Hastmann, Tanis J.
dc.contributor.author Milliken, George A.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-29T15:32:25Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-29T15:32:25Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08-29
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/12066
dc.description.abstract Background: This paper reports the primary outcomes of the Healthy Opportunities for Physical Activity and Nutrition (HOP’N) after-school project, which was an effectiveness trial designed to evaluate the prevention of childhood obesity through building the capacity of after-school staff to increase physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (FV) opportunities. Methods: We conducted a three-year, nested cross-sectional group randomized controlled effectiveness trial. After a baseline assessment year (2005-2006), schools and their after-school programs were randomized to the HOP’N after-school program (n = 4) or control (n = 3), and assessed for two subsequent years (intervention year 1, 2006- 2007; intervention year 2, 2007-2008). Across the three years, 715 fourth grade students, and 246 third and fourth grade after-school program participants were included in the study. HOP’N included community government human service agency (Cooperative Extension) led community development efforts, a three-time yearly training of after-school staff, daily PA for 30 minutes following CATCH guidelines, a daily healthful snack, and a weekly nutrition and PA curriculum (HOP’N Club). Child outcomes included change in age- and gender-specific body mass index z-scores (BMIz) across the school year and PA during after-school time measured by accelerometers. The success of HOP’N in changing after-school program opportunities was evaluated by observations over the school year of after-school program physical activity sessions and snack FV offerings. Data were analyzed in 2009. Results: The intervention had no impact on changes in BMIz. Overweight/obese children attending HOP’N afterschool programs performed 5.92 minutes more moderate-to-vigorous PA per day after intervention, which eliminated a baseline year deficit of 9.65 minutes per day (p < 0.05) compared to control site overweight/obese children. Active recreation program time at HOP’N sites was 23.40 minutes (intervention year 1, p = 0.01) and 14.20 minutes (intervention year 2, p = 0.10) greater than control sites. HOP’N sites and control sites did not differ in the number of FV offered as snacks. Conclusions: The HOP’N program had a positive impact on overweight/obese children’s PA and after-school active recreation time. Trial registration: NCT01015599. en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/7/1/90 en_US
dc.subject Childhood obesity en_US
dc.subject After-school en_US
dc.subject Healthy Opportunities for Physical Activity en_US
dc.subject HOP'N en_US
dc.subject Nutrition en_US
dc.subject Trial en_US
dc.title HOP’N after-school project: an obesity prevention randomized controlled trial en_US
dc.type Article (publisher version) en_US
dc.date.published 2010 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1186/1479-5868-7-90 en_US
dc.citation.issue 90 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity en_US
dc.citation.volume 7 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid ricardo en_US

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