Waring's problem in algebraic number fields

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dc.contributor.author Alnaser, Ala' Jamil
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-02T14:55:25Z
dc.date.available 2009-12-02T14:55:25Z
dc.date.issued 2009-12-02T14:55:25Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/2207
dc.description.abstract Let $p$ be an odd prime and $\gamma(k,p^n)$ be the smallest positive integer $s$ such that every integer is a sum of $s$ $k$-th powers $\pmod {p^n}$. We establish $\gamma(k,p^n) \le [k/2]+2$ and $\gamma(k,p^n) \ll \sqrt{k}$ provided that $k$ is not divisible by $(p-1)/2$. Next, let $t=(p-1)/(p-1,k)$, and $q$ be any positive integer. We show that if $\phi(t) \ge q$ then $\gamma(k,p^n) \le c(q) k^{1/q}$ for some constant $c(q)$. These results generalize results known for the case of prime moduli. Next we generalize these results to a number field setting. Let $F$ be a number field, $R$ it's ring of integers and $\mathcal{P}$ a prime ideal in $R$ that lies over a rational prime $p$ with ramification index $e$, degree of inertia $f$ and put $t=(p^f-1)/(p-1,k)$. Let $k=p^rk_1$ with $p\nmid k_1$ and $\gamma(k,\mathcal{P}^n)$ be the smallest integer $s$ such that every algebraic integer in $F$ that can be expressed as a sum of $k$-th powers $\pmod{\mathcal{P}^n}$ is expressible as a sum of $s$ $k$-th powers $\pmod {\mathcal{P}^n}$. We prove for instance that when $p>e+1$ then $\gamma(k,\mathcal{P}^n) \le c(t) p^{nf/ \phi(t)}$. Moreover, if $p>e+1$ we obtain the upper bounds $\ds{\gamma(k,\mathcal{P}^n) \le 2313 \left(\frac{k}{k_1}\right)^{8.44/\log p}+\frac{1}{2}}$ if $f=2$ or $3,$ and $\ds{\gamma(k,\mathcal{P}^n)\le 129 \left(\frac{k}{k_1}\right)^{5.55/ \log p}+\frac{1}{2}}$ if $f\ge4$. We also show that if $\mathcal{P}$ does not ramify then $\ds{\gamma(k,\mathcal{P}^n) \le \frac{17}{2} \left(\frac{k}{k_1}\right)^{2.83/ \log p}+\frac{1}{2}}$ if $f\ge 2$ and $k_1\le p^{f/2}$, and $\ds{\gamma(k,\mathcal{P}^n)\le\left(\frac{f}{p^{f/2-1}}\right)k}$ if $f> 2$ and $k_1> p^{f/2}$. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Waring's number en_US
dc.subject Waring's problem en_US
dc.subject Number fields en_US
dc.title Waring's problem in algebraic number fields en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.description.degree Doctor of Philosophy en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department Department of Mathematics en_US
dc.description.advisor Todd E. Cochrane en_US
dc.subject.umi Mathematics (0405) en_US
dc.date.published 2009 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth December en_US

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