Effects of feeding ractopamine hcl (paylean) for various durations on late-finishing pig performance and carcass characteristics

dc.contributor.authorPotter, M. L.
dc.contributor.authorTokach, Michael D.
dc.contributor.authorDeRouchey, Joel M.
dc.contributor.authorGoodband, Robert D.
dc.contributor.authorNelssen, Jim L.
dc.contributor.authorDritz, Steven S.
dc.description.abstractA total of 627 pigs (241.5 lb) were used in a 21-d finishing trial to evaluate the effects of feeding ractopamine HCl (RAC; Paylean, Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) for different durations on growth performance and carcass characteristics. On d 0, pens of pigs containing both barrows and gilts in approximately equal numbers were blocked by average BW and randomly allotted to 1 of 3 dietary treatments (8 pens per treatment) with average initial weight balanced across treatments. Dietary treatments were feeding a control diet without RAC and feeding a diet containing 4.5 g/ton RAC for the last 14 or 21 d prior to marketing. Pens of pigs were weighed and feed intake was collected on d 0, 7, and 21 to calculate ADG, ADFI, and F/G. Carcass data were collected from the 4 heaviest pigs per pen marketed on d 7 and from all pigs marketed on d 21. Pigs fed RAC starting on d 0 gained faster (P = 0.01) and consumed less feed (P = 0.01) from d 0 to 7 than control pigs and pigs not yet fed RAC. From d 7 to 21, pigs started on RAC at d 7 had improved (P ≤ 0.04) ADG and F/G compared with control pigs and pigs that remained on RAC. There was no difference (P = 0.14) in overall ADG between the treatment groups; however, ADFI was lower (P < 0.01) and F/G improved (P < 0.01) for pigs fed RAC, regardless of duration, compared with control pigs. There were no differences (P ≥ 0.32) in overall live weight or HCW at market in this trial. Compared with control pigs, pigs fed RAC for 21 d had reduced (P < 0.01) backfat depth, increased (P = 0.01) loin depth, and improved (P < 0.01) percentage lean. Pigs fed RAC for 14 d had intermediate responses to these 2 treatments for loin and backfat depth but had a higher percentage lean than control pigs. These data demonstrate that feeding RAC to pigs for 14 d reduced ADFI, improved F/G, and improved percentage lean compared with control pigs. Feeding RAC for an additional 7 d did not influence overall ADFI or F/G compared with feeding RAC for 14 d total but further improved percentage lean compared with feeding RAC for 14 d. Pigs fed RAC for 21 d had decreased backfat and increased loin depth compared with control pigs. This study demonstrates that for heavyweight pigs, F/G and ADFI responses are achieved with either duration of RAC feeding, but the magnitude of the carcass response to feeding RAC appears to be duration dependent.en_US
dc.description.conferenceSwine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 19, 2009en_US
dc.publisherKansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Serviceen_US
dc.relation.isPartOfSwine day, 2009en_US
dc.relation.isPartOfKansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 10-014-Sen_US
dc.relation.isPartOfReport of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 1020en_US
dc.titleEffects of feeding ractopamine hcl (paylean) for various durations on late-finishing pig performance and carcass characteristicsen_US
dc.typeConference paperen_US


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