Effects of water-soluble and in-feed organic acids on the growth performance of weanling pigs




Gottlob, R.O.
Neill, C.R.
Groesbeck, C.N.
Schneider, J.D.
Frantz, N.Z.
Tokach, Michael D.
Goodband, Robert D.
DeRouchey, Joel M.
Nelssen, Jim L.
Dritz, Steven S.

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Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service


A total of 360 weanling pigs (initially 11.5 lb and 18 ± 3 d of age, PIC) were used in a 42-d growth assay to determine the effects of water-soluble antimicrobials and organic acids in feed and/or water on nursery pig growth performance. Pigs were allotted to one of 9 experimental treatments: 1) control (no feed or water antimicrobials or acids); 2) water containing 38 mg/L neomycin sulfate; 3) water containing 0.06% Activate3 WD; 4) water containing 0.12% Activate WD; 5) feed containing Neo-Terramycin4 (140 g/ton neomycin sulfate, 140 g/ton oxytetracycline HCl; neo/oxy); 6) feed containing 0.50% Activate DA; 7) feed containing 0.45% Starter L; 8) feed containing 0.45% Multimax L; and 9) feed containing 0.50% Activate DA and 0.10% Mintrex3 P. Overall (d 0 to 42 after weaning), pigs provided neo/oxy in the feed had greater (P<0.05) ADG, compared with pigs in all other treatments, except the pigs provided the combination of Activate DA and Mintrex P in the feed. Pigs provided neo/oxy in the feed had greater ADFI (P<0.02) than did pigs provided the control treatment. There were no differences in feed efficiency between any of the treatments. These data demonstrate that pigs provided in-feed antimicrobials had improved growth, whereas those provided organic acids in feed and water did not.



Nursery pig, Antimicrobials, Organic acids, Water, Growth, Swine