Predicting and explaining behavioral intention and hand sanitizer use among U.S. Army soldiers

dc.contributor.authorLin, Naiqing
dc.description.abstractMany pathogenic microorganisms are spread by contaminated hands and may lead to foodborne illness. The use of hand sanitizers can significantly reduce bacterial contamination and is an efficient and inexpensive method to prevent infections and sickness. Previous researchers have found that the routine use of hand sanitizers allowed the U.S. Army to significantly reduce illness. However, few studies have been conducted within a U.S. Army dining facility, which is considered to be one of the primary sources of foodborne illness within the U.S. Army. Therefore, using the Theory of Planned Behavior, the purpose of this study was to identify the behavioral intention, attitudes, subjective norms, and perceptions of control of using hand sanitizer among military personnel. The study targeted soldiers using a written survey during their lunch hour on the U.S. Army base at Fort Riley, KS. A total of 201 surveys were collected. All data were screened and entered into IBM SPSS for analysis. Results indicated that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control explained 64% of the variance in behavioral intention. Attitude and subjective norms were found to be significant predictors of behavioral intention, with attitude being the strongest predictor. In general, behavioral beliefs were positive among soldiers. Related to normative beliefs, soldiers did perceive negative social pressure from other soldiers not to use hand sanitizers. Analysis of control beliefs found soldiers perceived hand sanitizers were readily available, but disliked their smell and feel after application. Food production managers and Army commanders can use these results to implement hand sanitation behavioral interventions within military dining environments. Practical implications will likely translate to reduced healthcare costs, decreased absenteeism rates, and improved mission readiness. Some of the limitations include commonly perceived social psychology bias. Further, clustered samples were collected within one military installation in a relatively short amount of time.en_US
dc.description.advisorKevin R. Robertsen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.description.departmentHospitality Management and Dieteticsen_US
dc.publisherKansas State Universityen
dc.subjectMilitary foodborne illnessen_US
dc.subjectTheory of planned behavioren_US
dc.subjectU.S. Army dining facilityen_US
dc.subjectHand sanitizeren_US
dc.subjectBehavioral intentionen_US
dc.subjectSubjective normsen_US
dc.subject.umiBehavioral Sciences (0602)en_US
dc.titlePredicting and explaining behavioral intention and hand sanitizer use among U.S. Army soldiersen_US


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