Quality attributes during 160 days refrigerated shelf life of a smoked, fully cooked sausage formulated with a nitrite containing pork preblend



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Kansas State University


Pork preblends held for 0, 4 or 7 d were formulated into smoked sausages and analyzed for cook yield, instrumental external color, pH, salt content, proximate analysis, Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), sensory analysis and purge percentage during 0, 110, 131 and 160 d display at an average 2.65 °C under fluorescent lighting. One preblend × day of display interaction was found for b* values. On display d 0, preblend d 7 was more yellow (P < 0.05) than preblend d 0 and 4; however, no differences (P > 0.05) were found for any preblends on d 110 or 160. On display d 131, preblend d 0 was more (P < 0.05) yellow than preblend d 4 but similar (P > 0.05) to preblend d 7. There was no preblend effect (P > 0.05) on any of the other attributes measured. Display day did not affect (P > 0.05) purge, pH, proximate analysis, WBSF, juiciness, saltiness or off-flavor. For color, a* and saturation index values decreased (P < 0.05) and L* increased (P < 0.05) between d 0 and 110 as well as d 110 and 131, while L*, a*, a*/b* ratio and saturation index values were similar (P > 0.05) from d 131 to 160. Hue angle value decreased from d 0 to 110 but was similar for the remaining display. A reduction (P < 0.05) in a*/b* ratio was shown from d 0 and 110 (average 0.85) to d 131 and 160 (average 0.78). There was a reduction in salt content by 0.43% and an increase in TBARS values by 0.46 mg malonaldehyde/100 g sample from d 0 compared to d 110, 131 and 160 (P < 0.05). Inconsistent differences were found for sensory panel traits bite and flavor intensity and a reduction in mouthfeel coating was found from d 0, 110 and 131 compared to 160 (P < 0.05). Therefore, preblending could be implemented without any detrimental outcome on quality or sensory attributes of skinless smoked sausage; however, as day of display increases product may become lighter, less red and more oxidized.



Extended shelflife, Fluorescent lighting, Mechanically separated turkey, Nitrite, Pork preblend, Precooked smoked sausage

Graduation Month



Master of Science


Food Science Institute

Major Professor

Elizabeth A. E. Boyle