Motivational conditions experienced by diverse adult learners in cohort-based accelerated degree programs: quantifying learner perceptions for assessment and enhancement of adult motivation to learn

dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Pamela Kay
dc.description.abstractThis study measured levels of conditions eliciting intrinsic motivation to learn and examined the correlation of those measures with learner-perceived level of learning. Acquired from adult learners participating in one Midwestern University’s cohort-based degree programs, data helped determine the extent to which learners perceived the presence of four conditions—inclusion, attitude, meaning, and competence—in both classroom and out-of-classroom learning environments. Additionally, the data helped determine which environment and specific conditions most closely correlated with learner-perceived level of current learning; and provided insight into experiences adult learners found positively or negatively impacting motivation to learn. Surveys were administered in-person to 137 of 150 students within 13 randomly selected cohorts. The survey instrument included a single overall learning attitudinal statement, two Likert scales (classroom and out-of-classroom) each comprised of subscales (inclusion, attitude, meaning, and competence) operationalizing the Motivational Framework for Culturally Responsive Teaching (Framework), a brief demographic section, and a concluding open-ended question regarding experiences impacting motivation to learn. The study used non-parametric analysis to examine dependent variables, motivation conditions, with respect to independent variables; age, gender, race, and degree-level. Additionally, non-parametric analysis examined correlation between condition measures and learner-perceived overall learning. Significant differences were found in two demographic categories. Underrepresented race/ethnicity students (as a combined category) rated overall out-of-classroom conditions higher than predominant race/ethnicity students; and, associate-level students rated classroom conditions lower than bachelors and masters-level students. Significant differences also occurred in subscales. Female students rated classroom attitude conditions higher than males; underrepresented students rated classroom attitude and competence, and out-of-classroom attitude, meaning, and competence, higher than predominant students; associates-level students rated classroom inclusion lower than both bachelors and masters-level students; and both associates and masters-level students rated classroom competence lower than bachelors-level students. All conditions, in both environments (classroom and out-of-classroom), were significantly correlated with learner-perceived level of learning; and the classroom scale demonstrated considerably stronger correlation than did the out-of-classroom scale. Of all subscales, both classroom and out-of-classroom meaning demonstrated the strongest correlation with learner-perceived level of learning. Forty-eight respondents (35% of sample) offered responses to the survey’s concluding statement. Of those respondents offering comments in regard to classroom motivation, instructor characteristics were most often noted. And, of those commenting on out-of-classroom motivation, team formulation and characteristics were predominant. Through the creation of the Motivation Conditions in Learning Instrument™, this study produced benchmark measures for each Framework condition experienced in both cohort-based classrooms and out-of-classroom team learning; identified differences in measures across demographic categories; and identified correlation of measures with learner-perceived level of learning. Finally, the study provided insight into learner experiences impacting motivation to learn.en_US
dc.description.advisorSarah Jane Fishbacken_US
dc.description.degreeDoctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.description.departmentDepartment of Educational Leadershipen_US
dc.publisherKansas State Universityen
dc.subjectAdult Educationen_US
dc.subjectMotivation to learnen_US
dc.subjectAccelerated degree programsen_US
dc.subjectCohort-based learningen_US
dc.subject.umiAdult Education (0516)en_US
dc.titleMotivational conditions experienced by diverse adult learners in cohort-based accelerated degree programs: quantifying learner perceptions for assessment and enhancement of adult motivation to learnen_US


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