Two phase flow visualization in evaporator tube bundles using experimental and numerical techniques

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Show simple item record Schlup, Jason 2013-08-14T19:47:33Z 2013-08-14T19:47:33Z 2013-08-14
dc.description.abstract This research presents results from experimental and numerical investigations of two-phase flow pattern analysis in a staggered tube bundle. Shell-side boiling tube bundles are used in a variety of industries from nuclear power plants to industrial evaporators. Fluid flow patterns in tube bundles affect pressure drop, boiling characteristics, and tube vibration. R-134a was the working fluid in both the experimental and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis for this research. Smooth and enhanced staggered tube bundles were studied experimentally using a 1.167 pitch to diameter ratio. The experimental tube bundles and CFD geometry consist of 20 tubes with five tubes per pass. High speed video was recorded during the experimental bundle boiling. Bundle conditions ranged in mass fluxes from 10-35 kg/m[superscript]2.s and inlet qualities from 0-70% with a fixed heat flux. Classification of the flow patterns from these videos was performed using flow pattern definitions from literature. Examples of smooth and enhanced bundle boiling high speed videos are given through still images. The flow patterns are plotted and compared with an existing flow pattern map. Good agreement was found for the enhanced tube bundle while large discrepancies exist for the smooth tube bundle. The CFD simulations were performed without heat transfer with non-symmetrical boundary conditions at the side walls, simulating rectangular bundles used in this and other research. The two-phase volume of fluid method was used to construct vapor interfaces and measure vapor volume fraction. A probability density function technique was applied to the results to determine flow patterns from the simulations using statistical parameters. Flow patterns were plotted on an adiabatic flow pattern map from literature and excellent agreement is found between the two. The agreement between simulation results and experimental data from literature emphasizes the use of numerical techniques for tube bundle design. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Tube bundle en_US
dc.subject Computational fluid dynamics en_US
dc.subject Flow visualization en_US
dc.title Two phase flow visualization in evaporator tube bundles using experimental and numerical techniques en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US Master of Science en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering en_US
dc.description.advisor Steven Eckels and Mohammad Hosni en_US
dc.subject.umi Mechanical Engineering (0548) en_US 2013 en_US August en_US

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