Inclusion of fat in diets for early lactating holstein cows

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Show simple item record Scheffel, Michael V. Shirley, John E. 2011-05-06T20:21:21Z 2011-05-06T20:21:21Z 2011-05-06
dc.description.abstract Twenty-four Holstein cows were used to study the effect of dietary fat on milk production and metabolic traits. Whole cottonseed and tallow were used as fat sources and substituted into the control diet on an isocaloric basis. Chopped alfalfa hay and grain sorghum silage constituted the forage in all diets. Treatments were balanced for parity, body weight, and previous lactation milk production or genetic potential (primiparous cows). Cows were housed in a tie-stall barn beginning 4 weeks prepartum, fed similar diets, and assigned to treatment on the day of calving. Diets were formulated to provide 3.3, 4.8 and 6.5% fat. Diets actually measured 2.1, 3.8, and 5.3% fat. Serum urea nitrogen and cholesterol increased with increased dry matter intake and with increasing dietary fat. Serum triglycerides decreased at parturition and were similar among diets through 20 days postpartum. Thereafter, cows fed the 2.1% fat diet had fewer serum triglycerides than cows receiving 3.8% and 5.3% fat diets. Similar differences were observed with regard to mammary uptake of triglycerides. Serum glucose peaked at calving in all cows and tended to be similar among diets. Glucose uptake by the mammary gland increased with milk production. Cows fed the 5.3% fat diet had less urine ketones by 3 weeks postpartum. Weeks to positive energy balance were 8, 7, and 5 for cows fed 2.1, 3.8, and 5.3% fat diets, respectively. Dry matter intake in kg/day and as a percentage of body weight tended to be greater in the high fat group after 3 weeks of lactation. Milk yield (total and 3.5% FCM) was similar among diets through 10 weeks of lactation. Thereafter, lactation curves in cows fed the 5.3% fat diet were more persistent. Similar trends were observed for milk fat and protein. Milk protein percentage was slightly depressed on the 5.3% fat diet, but protein yield increased. en_US
dc.publisher Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Dairy Day, 1995 en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 96-106-S en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Report of progress (Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 742 en_US
dc.subject Cows en_US
dc.subject High-fat diets en_US
dc.subject Milk en_US
dc.subject Cholesterol en_US
dc.title Inclusion of fat in diets for early lactating holstein cows en_US
dc.type Conference paper en_US 1995 en_US
dc.citation.epage 28 en_US
dc.citation.spage 21 en_US
dc.description.conference Dairy Day, 1995, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, 1995
dc.contributor.authoreid jshirley en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid scheffel en_US

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