“Once it’s your sister, they think it’s in the bloodline”: impact of HIV/aids- related stigma in Ghana

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dc.contributor.author Asiedu, Gladys Barkey
dc.date.accessioned 2010-12-01T20:06:07Z
dc.date.available 2010-12-01T20:06:07Z
dc.date.issued 2010-12-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/6698
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to conduct a phenomenological inquiry into the impact HIV/AIDS-related stigma has on People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) and their family members in Ghana and the overall relationship family members have with PLHA. The study explored the concept of stigma in the Ghanaian context, ways in which it is expressed, factors influencing HIV- related stigma and its consequences on both PLHA and their family members. Strategies that PLHA and their family members consider for effective HIV- related stigma prevention were also explored. The study further explored some of the gender- biased nature of HIV- related stigma in Ghana. Data was gathered qualitatively through interviews with five PLHA and their discordant family members. Interviews were transcribed and translated into English, coded and analyzed. After inductively establishing themes and categories, final confirmatory analysis was deductively established, by using the Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model and Symbolic interaction theory to affirm the authenticity and appropriateness of the inductive content analysis. The study found that HIV- related stigma begins with serostatus disclosure. Stigma is manifested in myriad contexts including the family, community, healthcare institutions and gender. The major factors influencing stigma are insufficient knowledge of HIV transmission, fear and misconception of HIV created by the media, cultural and religious factors as well as poverty. Family members experienced similar stigma as PLHA, such as loss of jobs, loss of social network, loss of identity and self stigma. However extreme impacts such as suicidal thoughts were only experienced by PLHA. The impact of HIV- related stigma is worst for women because of beliefs and values relating to gender- role expectations. While women accept and support their husbands when they have HIV/AIDS, women are often neglected and abandoned by their husbands. To address this stigma, participants suggested house to house education, financial support from the government, revision of educational content especially discontinuation of negative images of HIV/AIDS used by the media. Implications for this study in the areas of research, practice and policy are provided. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship West African Research Association, Senegal en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.subject HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination en_US
dc.subject Gender and HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.subject Stigma and discrimination en_US
dc.subject People living with HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.subject women and AIDS related stigma en_US
dc.title “Once it’s your sister, they think it’s in the bloodline”: impact of HIV/aids- related stigma in Ghana en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.description.degree Doctor of Philosophy en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department Department of Family Studies and Human Services en_US
dc.description.advisor Karen S. Myers-Bowman en_US
dc.subject.umi Black Studies (0325) en_US
dc.subject.umi Education, Social Sciences (0534) en_US
dc.subject.umi History, African (0331) en_US
dc.subject.umi Psychology, Behavioral (0384) en_US
dc.subject.umi Social Work (0452) en_US
dc.subject.umi Sociology, Individual and Family Studies (0628) en_US
dc.subject.umi Women's Studies (0453) en_US
dc.date.published 2010 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth December en_US

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