Effects of standardized ileal digestible tryptophan:lysine ratio in diets containing 30% dried distiller grains with solubles on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs in a commercial environment

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dc.contributor.author Barnes, J.A.
dc.contributor.author Tokach, Michael D.
dc.contributor.author DeRouchey, Joel M.
dc.contributor.author Goodband, Robert D.
dc.contributor.author Nelssen, Jim L.
dc.contributor.author Dritz, Steven S.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-22T17:50:40Z
dc.date.available 2010-11-22T17:50:40Z
dc.date.issued 2010-11-22
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/6574
dc.description.abstract Two experiments were performed to determine the effects of increasing standardized ileal digestible (SID) tryptophan to lysine (trp:lys) ratio in growing-finishing pig diets containing 30% dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). In both experiments, soybean meal replaced crystalline lysine and threonine to alter the dietary SID trp:lys concentrations while maintaining minimum ratios of other amino acids. In Exp. 1, a total of 638 pigs (PIC 1050 × 337, initially 80.0 lb) were used in a 105-d trial with 26 to 27 pigs per pen and 6 pens per treatment. Pens of pigs were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 dietary treatments with standardized ileal digestible trp:lys ratios of 14.0, 15.0, 16.5, and 18.0%. All diets were fed in meal form and treatments were fed in 4 phases. For the overall trial, ADG and ADFI increased (linear; P < 0.001) as trp:lys increased through 18%; however, the response tended to be quadratic from d 0 to 42, with optimal ADG and ADFI at 16.5% SID trp:lys. Feed efficiency was not influenced by SID trp:lys ratio. Although feed cost per pig increased (linear; P < 0.001) as SID trp:lys ratio increased, so did (linear; P < 0.04) final live weight, HCW, income per pig, and income over feed cost (IOFC). The results of this experiment indicated the optimal SID trp:lys ratio was 16.5% from 80 to 160 lb, but at least 18% from 160 to 265 lb. In Exp. 2, a total of 1,214 pigs (PIC 1050 × 337, initially 146.2 lb) were used in a 73-d finishing trial with 25 to 28 pigs per pen and 9 pens per treatment. Pens of pigs were randomly allotted to 1 of 5 treatment groups. Pigs were fed common diets before the start of the experiment. Dietary treatments included corn-soybean meal-based diets with SID trp:lys ratios of 15.0, 16.5, 18.0, and 19.5, and the 15.0% diet with L-tryptophan added to achieve 18.0% SID trp:lys ratio. Overall (d 0 to 73), ADG, ADFI, F/G, final weight, and HCW improved (linear; P < 0.03) as dietary SID trp:lys increased through 19.5%. Increasing SID trp:lys increased (linear; P < 0.001) feed cost per pig, but also increased (P < 0.01) total income per pig. While there were no differences on an IOFC basis, pigs fed the highest level of SID trp:lys had numerically the greatest IOFC. Overall, there were no significant differences between the diet with 18.0% SID trp:lys and the diet with 15.0% SID trp:lys with added L-tryptophan to 18.0%. These experiments demonstrate there is opportunity to improve growth performance in late-finishing pigs with increased SID trp:lys ratios in diets containing high amounts of DDGS. en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Swine Day, 2010 en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station contribution; no. 11-016-S en_US
dc.relation.isPartOf Report of progress (Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service); 1038 en_US
dc.subject Swine en_US
dc.subject Amino acid ratio en_US
dc.subject Dried distillers grains with solubles en_US
dc.subject Lysine en_US
dc.subject Tryptophan en_US
dc.title Effects of standardized ileal digestible tryptophan:lysine ratio in diets containing 30% dried distiller grains with solubles on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs in a commercial environment en_US
dc.type Conference paper en_US
dc.date.published 2010 en_US
dc.citation.epage 165 en_US
dc.citation.spage 156 en_US
dc.description.conference Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 18, 2010 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid mtokach en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid dritz en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jderouch en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid goodband en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid jnelssen en_US


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