Sustainability of algae derived biodiesel: a mass balance approach

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Show simple item record Pfromm, Peter H. Amanor-Boadu, Vincent Nelson, Richard 2010-10-05T16:01:47Z 2010-10-05T16:01:47Z 2010-10-05T16:01:47Z
dc.description.abstract A rigorous chemical engineering mass balance/unit operations approach is applied here to bio-diesel from algae mass culture. An equivalent of 50,000,000 gallons per year (0.006002 m3/s) of petroleum-based Number 2 fuel oil (U.S., diesel for compression-ignition engines, about 0.1% of annual U.S. consumption) from oleaginous algae is the target. Methyl algaeate and ethyl algaeate diesel can according to this analysis conceptually be produced largely in a technologically sustainable way albeit at a lower available diesel yield. About 11 sq. miles of algae ponds would be needed with optimistic assumptions of 50 g biomass yield per day and m2 pond area. CO2 to foster algae growth should be supplied from a sustainable source such as a biomass-based ethanol production. Reliance on fossil-based CO2 from power plants or fertilizer production renders algae diesel non-sustainable in the long term. en_US
dc.relation.uri en_US
dc.subject Sustainability en_US
dc.subject Biofuels en_US
dc.subject Diesel en_US
dc.subject Algae en_US
dc.subject Energy en_US
dc.subject Mass balance en_US
dc.title Sustainability of algae derived biodiesel: a mass balance approach en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US 2011 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2010.09.050 en_US
dc.citation.epage 1193 en_US
dc.citation.issue 2 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Bioresource Technology en_US
dc.citation.spage 1185 en_US
dc.citation.volume 102 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid pfromm en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid vincent en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid rnelson en_US

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