Efficient Mitigation Strategies for Epidemics in Rural Regions

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dc.contributor.author Scoglio, Caterina M.
dc.contributor.author Schumm, Walter R.
dc.contributor.author Schumm, Phillip
dc.contributor.author Easton, Todd W.
dc.contributor.author Chowdhury, Sohini Roy
dc.contributor.author Sydney, Ali
dc.contributor.author Youssef, Mina
dc.date.accessioned 2010-07-16T16:49:30Z
dc.date.available 2010-07-16T16:49:30Z
dc.date.issued 2010-07-16T16:49:30Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/4279
dc.description.abstract Containing an epidemic at its origin is the most desirable mitigation. Epidemics have often originated in rural areas, with rural communities among the first affected. Disease dynamics in rural regions have received limited attention, and results of general studies cannot be directly applied since population densities and human mobility factors are very different in rural regions from those in cities. We create a network model of a rural community in Kansas, USA, by collecting data on the contact patterns and computing rates of contact among a sampled population. We model the impact of different mitigation strategies detecting closely connected groups of people and frequently visited locations. Within those groups and locations, we compare the effectiveness of random and targeted vaccinations using a Susceptible-Exposed-Infected-Recovered compartmental model on the contact network. Our simulations show that the targeted vaccinations of only 10% of the sampled population reduced the size of the epidemic by 34.5%. Additionally, if 10% of the population visiting one of the most popular locations is randomly vaccinated, the epidemic size is reduced by 19%. Our results suggest a new implementation of a highly effective strategy for targeted vaccinations through the use of popular locations in rural communities. en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0011569 en_US
dc.subject Computer science en_US
dc.subject Infectious diseases en_US
dc.subject Mathematics en_US
dc.title Efficient Mitigation Strategies for Epidemics in Rural Regions en_US
dc.type Article (publisher version) en_US
dc.date.published 2010 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011569 en_US
dc.citation.issue 7 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle PLoS ONE en_US
dc.citation.volume 5 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid caterina en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid schumm en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid teaston en_US

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