Comparison of aluminum mordants on colorfastness of natural dyes on cotton and bamboo fabrics

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dc.contributor.author Schrader, Erica
dc.date.accessioned 2010-05-11T20:20:29Z
dc.date.available 2010-05-11T20:20:29Z
dc.date.issued 2010-05-11T20:20:29Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/4151
dc.description.abstract The recent green movement has created strong interest in sustainable practices in the apparel and textile industry. Accordingly, natural dye usage has increased in popularity over the recent years, as well as alternative fiber sources such as bamboo. Because of the inherently poorer fastness properties of natural dyes compared to synthetic dyes, additional research on natural dyes and mordant agents is necessary to obtain the best colorfastness results. Many salts, called mordants, are used to help affix natural dyes to fabrics, called mordants, but the most common is potassium aluminum sulfate. However, it has been suggested that aluminum acetate can be a substitute, if not a better mordant than potassium aluminum sulfate for cellulose fibers. This study compared the colorfastness of these two mordants in three different amounts including 5%, 10%, and 20% per weight of fiber (WOF). Three natural dye extracts (madder, weld, and coreopsis), were used to dye seven test fabrics, including a bamboo rayon jersey, two bamboo rayon woven fabrics, a cotton interlock knit, two woven cottons, and a bamboo rayon and cotton blend interlock knit. Lightfastness and colorfastness to laundering tests were conducted, and Gray Scale ratings were analyzed using ANOVA statistical analysis. This analysis showed significant four-way interaction between all variables. Results supported aluminum acetate as a more colorfast mordant for cellulose fibers. This research was supported in part by Agricultural Research Experiment Station at the Kansas State University. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Natural dyes en_US
dc.subject Mordants en_US
dc.title Comparison of aluminum mordants on colorfastness of natural dyes on cotton and bamboo fabrics en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree Master of Science en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department Department of Apparel, Textiles, and Interior Design en_US
dc.description.advisor Sherry J. Haar en_US
dc.subject.umi Textile Technology (0994) en_US
dc.date.published 2010 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth May en_US


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