Effect of position on transdiaphragmatic pressure and hemodynamic variables in anesthetized horses

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dc.contributor.author Youngblood, Cori
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-07T20:32:36Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-07T20:32:36Z
dc.date.issued 2019-05-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/39375
dc.description.abstract Recumbency affects respiratory mechanics and oxygenation in anesthetized horses. Changes in pleural and abdominal pressures that can impair ventilation have not been described in all recumbencies. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of patient positioning on transdiaphragmatic pressures and selected hemodynamic variables. Horses were maintained under total intravenous general anesthesia with nasal oxygen supplementation. Trans-nasal balloon catheters connected to pressure transducers placed within the stomach and thoracic esophagus were used to measure intrathoracic and gastric pressure in standing and anesthetized horses positioned in: right and left lateral recumbency, dorsal recumbency, reverse Trendelenburg position, and Trendelenburg position. Transdiaphragmatic pressures were calculated as the difference between gastric and intrathoracic pressure. Measurements of SpO₂, heart rate, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure, and respiratory rate were obtained every 5 minutes. When compared to dorsal recumbency, gastric expiratory pressure is decreased in the standing position. Thoracic expiratory pressure is decreased in standing and reverse Trendelenburg. Transdiaphragmatic expiratory pressure and SpO₂ are decreased in Trendelenburg. Heart rate is increased in reverse Trendelenburg. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressures are decreased in reverse Trendelenburg and increased in left lateral and right lateral. We found there is wide variation in respiratory pressures between horses and positions and they are not predictive of associated changes in hemodynamic variables. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Kansas State University Veterinary Clinical Sciences departmental grant en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject horse en_US
dc.subject pressure en_US
dc.subject diaphragm en_US
dc.subject Trendelenburg en_US
dc.subject hemodynamic en_US
dc.title Effect of position on transdiaphragmatic pressure and hemodynamic variables in anesthetized horses en_US
dc.type Report en_US
dc.description.degree Master of Science en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department Department of Clinical Sciences en_US
dc.description.advisor Warren L. Beard en_US
dc.date.published 2019 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth May en_US

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