Effect of extracellular vesicles on cancer cell lines in vitro and biodistribution in an ectopic osteosarcoma mouse model

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dc.contributor.author Javier, Abello
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-19T19:52:08Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-19T19:52:08Z
dc.date.issued 2018-12-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/39343
dc.description.abstract Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (HUC-MSCs) have an enormous therapeutic potential because of their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. However, there are limitations for their therapeutic use due to low cell survival after implantation, the risk of culture-borne pathogens, and the risk of embolism and thrombosis after intravenous infusion. Exosomes, on the other hand, constitute an important part of the MSCs secretome and may play a role in their therapeutic effects. Here, it was demonstrated that HUC-MSC-derived exosomes accumulate in human and mouse osteosarcoma cell lines in vitro and reduce their proliferation. The distribution of HUC-MSCs exosomes was shown in osteosarcoma tumor-bearing mice. Exosome distribution in vivo was observed using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of gadolinium-labeled exosomes and by fluorescent imaging after infusion of near infrared dye-labeled exosomes. HUC-MSC exosomes accumulated in the tumor throughout the 48 hours post-injection period. In contrast, synthetic lipid nanoparticle accumulates in tumor only for the first 3 hours post-injection. In summary, this study showed that HUC-MSCs exosomes can accumulate to osteosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo, and thus they may be useful for detecting cancer metastasis. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Extracellular vesicles en_US
dc.subject mouse osteosarcoma model en_US
dc.subject gadolinium nanoparticle en_US
dc.title Effect of extracellular vesicles on cancer cell lines in vitro and biodistribution in an ectopic osteosarcoma mouse model en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US
dc.description.degree Doctor of Philosophy en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department Department of Food, Nutrition, Dietetics and Health en_US
dc.description.advisor Tonatiuh Melgarejo en_US
dc.description.advisor Mark Haub
dc.date.published 2018 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth December en_US
dc.date.modified 2019-05-20

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