Patterns of trophic resource use and individual specialization in two species of darters (Etheostoma: Percidae)

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Show simple item record Hopper, Garrett W. Tobler, Michael 2017-11-30T21:40:22Z 2017-11-30T21:40:22Z
dc.description Citation: Hopper, G. W., & Tobler, M. (2016). Patterns of trophic resource use and individual specialization in two species of darters (Etheostoma: Percidae). Evolutionary Ecology Research, 17(1), 53-73. Retrieved from <Go to ISI>://WOS:000384803400004
dc.description.abstract Background: Species are often grouped into distinct trophic guilds based on their average diets. But the diets of populations may be highly variable through space and time. Even populations that are described as foraging on a wide variety of dietary resources are often comprised of individuals with very narrow dietary preferences, and such individual specialization may vary among populations as a function of local conditions. River gradients provide subtle variation in environmental conditions, so that stream fishes that occur along such gradients may be studied to reveal how environmental conditions shape trophic resource use and individual specialization. Questions: How does trophic resource use vary among species and populations? Does it correlate with local resource availability? What variability exists in individual dietary widths among populations and species? May we attribute variation in individual dietary widths among sites to any environmental variation? Organisms: Two sympatric stream fishes (Etheostoma flabellare and E. spectabile, Percidae) from nine locations in Oklahoma, USA. Methods: We analysed gut contents of the fish. We measured individual dietary width in each of the populations. We also measured resource diversity and densities as well as the number of competitor species. Results: We found significant variation in the diets between species and among populations of the same species. Furthermore, most populations consisted of individuals with narrow dietary width (i.e. high individual dietary specialization). Variation in individual dietary widths in populations of E. flabellare was correlated with invertebrate density and the number of competitor species, and in E. spectabile with the number of invertebrate species and invertebrate density.
dc.rights © 2016 Garrett W. Hopper. This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
dc.subject Diet Variation
dc.subject Environmental Variation
dc.subject Etheostoma Flabellare
dc.subject Etheostoma Spectabile
dc.subject Individual Specialization
dc.subject Trophic Ecology
dc.title Patterns of trophic resource use and individual specialization in two species of darters (Etheostoma: Percidae)
dc.type Article 2016
dc.citation.epage 73
dc.citation.issn 1522-0613
dc.citation.issue 1
dc.citation.jtitle Evolutionary Ecology Research
dc.citation.spage 53
dc.citation.volume 17
dc.description.embargo 2018-01
dc.contributor.authoreid tobler
dc.contributor.kstate Tobler, Michael

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