Instrumentalism and couple’s therapy: influential impacts on therapist’s values, neutrality, and perceived role in couple’s therapy

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dc.contributor.author Bridges, James Gavin
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-21T19:04:42Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-21T19:04:42Z
dc.date.issued 2017-12-01 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/38271
dc.description.abstract Values dictate who we are, how we see the world, and how we choose to interact with others. They are imbedded in culture. Therapists and clients are dictated by values that in a large part determine the course of therapy (L’Abate, 1982). Mindful to not impose personal values on their clients, therapists may attempt what is being called a value-neutral approach, inadvertently reinforcing certain dominant cultural values about relationships that may, or may not, be in the best interest of the client’s relationship. Therapists practicing within American culture may unintentionally reinforce instrumental views of relationships in the therapy room if they attempt to remain value-neutral. The present study explored the influence of instrumentalism on therapist’s values and roles they take in therapy with two studies. Study 1 involved the construction and refining of scales that intended to measure (a) attitudes towards commitment (b) instrumentalism in romantic relationships. The attitudes towards commitment scale was created with high reliability and the instrumentalism scale was discarded and new items were created for the second study. Study 2 involved a mixed-methods approach to explore the influence of instrumentalism on therapists’ definitions and use of neutrality, as well as therapists’ roles in couple’s therapy. Participants for study 2 were sent a survey asking about demographics, relationship and commitment values, their definitions of neutrality, and the roles they take in couple’s therapy and whether they advocate more for individuals or relationships. When therapists advocate more for the relationship they are more likely to have more positive attitudes towards commitment, are less likely to endorse soft reasons for relationship dissolution, see themselves as part of a collective, and be religiously active. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Psychotherapy en_US
dc.subject Couple's therapy en_US
dc.subject Instrumentalism en_US
dc.subject Individualism en_US
dc.subject Culture en_US
dc.subject Therapeutic neutrality en_US
dc.title Instrumentalism and couple’s therapy: influential impacts on therapist’s values, neutrality, and perceived role in couple’s therapy en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree Master of Science en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department School of Family Studies and Human Services en_US
dc.description.advisor Amber V. Vennum en_US
dc.date.published 2017 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth December en_US


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