Do Different Mental Models Influence Cybersecurity Behavior? Evaluations via Statistical Reasoning Performance

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dc.contributor.author Brase, Gary L.
dc.contributor.author Vasserman, Eugene Y.
dc.contributor.author Hsu, William
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-09T17:29:16Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-09T17:29:16Z
dc.date.issued 2017-11-02
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/38182
dc.description Citation: Brase GL, Vasserman EY and Hsu W (2017) Do Different Mental Models Influence Cybersecurity Behavior? Evaluations via Statistical Reasoning Performance. Front. Psychol. 8:1929. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01929
dc.description.abstract Cybersecurity research often describes people as understanding internet security in terms of metaphorical mental models (e.g., disease risk, physical security risk, or criminal behavior risk). However, little research has directly evaluated if this is an accurate or productive framework. To assess this question, two experiments asked participants to respond to a statistical reasoning task framed in one of four different contexts (cybersecurity, plus the above alternative models). Each context was also presented using either percentages or natural frequencies, and these tasks were followed by a behavioral likelihood rating. As in previous research, consistent use of natural frequencies promoted correct Bayesian reasoning. There was little indication, however, that any of the alternative mental models generated consistently better understanding or reasoning over the actual cybersecurity context. There was some evidence that different models had some effects on patterns of responses, including the behavioral likelihood ratings, but these effects were small, as compared to the effect of the numerical format manipulation. This points to a need to improve the content of actual internet security warnings, rather than working to change the models users have of warnings.
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01929
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject Cybersecurity
dc.subject Mental models
dc.subject Bayesian reasoning
dc.subject Human–computer interaction
dc.subject Metaphorical representation
dc.title Do Different Mental Models Influence Cybersecurity Behavior? Evaluations via Statistical Reasoning Performance
dc.type Article
dc.date.published 2017
dc.citation.doi 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01929
dc.citation.issn 1664-1078
dc.citation.jtitle Frontiers in Psychology
dc.citation.volume 8
dc.contributor.authoreid gbrase
dc.contributor.authoreid eyv
dc.contributor.authoreid bhsu
dc.contributor.kstate Brase, Gary L.
dc.contributor.kstate Vasserman, Eugene Y.
dc.contributor.kstate Hsu, William


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