Life Cycle of the Soybean Aphid Aphis glycines Matsumura, in Japan

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dc.contributor.author Takahashi, Shigeru
dc.contributor.author Inaizumi, Mitsumaru
dc.contributor.author Kawakami, Koji
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-01T16:41:45Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-01T16:41:45Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/35665
dc.description The soybean aphid Aphis glycines MATSUMURA is the main sap-sucking pest on soybeans Glycine max. In Japan, it is distributed from Hokkaido to Kyushu (Sakai, 1949); abroad, it is found in Korea, China, Taiwan, Thailand, Malay (Paik, 1965), the Phillipines (Takahashi, 1966), and India (Raychaudhuri et al., 1980). In addition to soybeans, wild Glycine species are known to be a secondary host. Matsumura reported this aphid species on soybean (1917a) and in the same year recorded that its eggs over-wintered on plants belonging to the wild pea family (1917b). Shindo (1928, 1932) originally identified Kitsunenomago Justicia procumbens and purplish amaranth Amaranthus blitum as primary hosts, but later retracted and reported that the eggs over-winter in the roots of the Japanese chaff flower Acyranthes japonica (1941). However, Sakai (1949, 1950a, b) showed in greenhouse studies that this aphid does not over-winter in the chaff flower, and concluded that the species found on chaff flower was actually Aphis justiciae SHINJI which Shindo (1928) considered to be the same as Aphis glycines. While the controversy in Japan about the primary host remained unresolved, in China it was reported by Wang et al. (1962) that the eggs over-wintered in the Dahurian buckthorn Rhamnus davurica of the buckthorn family. Zhang and Zhong (1982) subsequently established that several of the 15 species in the genus Rhamnus found in China were primary hosts. In the reports from China, only the body color and the number of secondary sensilla of the third antennal segment of gynopara were reported, and no mention was made of the morphs on the primary host. Since 1981, our field surveys and greenhouse studies have focused on the life cycle and morphs on primary hosts in the genus Rhamnus, the results of which are reported here.
dc.description Originating text in Japanese.
dc.description Citation: Takahashi, Shigeru, Inaizumi, Mitsumaru, Kawakami, Koji. (1993). Life Cycle of the Soybean Aphid Aphis glycines Matsumura, in Japan. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 37, 207-212.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.uri http://www.refworks.com/refshare?site=015251129867200000/RWWEB101202057/Soybean%20Aphid%20Literature%20for%20Translation&rn=51
dc.rights Copyright for this item remains with the original copyright holder. Permission was obtained from the copyright holder to translate into English, where applicable, and to host the full-text content.
dc.rights.uri http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.title Life Cycle of the Soybean Aphid Aphis glycines Matsumura, in Japan
dc.type Text
dc.date.published 1993
dc.citation.epage 212
dc.citation.issn 0021-4914
dc.citation.jtitle Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology
dc.citation.spage 207
dc.citation.volume 37


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Copyright for this item remains with the original copyright holder.  Permission was obtained from the copyright holder to translate into English, where applicable, and to host the full-text content. Except where otherwise noted, the use of this item is bound by the following: Copyright for this item remains with the original copyright holder. Permission was obtained from the copyright holder to translate into English, where applicable, and to host the full-text content.

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