Synchrotron studies of "self-compression" in urea inclusion compounds

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Show simple item record Wang, Bo 2017-05-16T15:56:58Z 2017-05-16T15:56:58Z 2017-08-01 en_US
dc.description.abstract Urea inclusion compounds (UICs) are classic examples of nanoporous, host:guest materials in which the linear channels of the honeycomb structure of the urea host can include various types of long-chain compounds (the guests). By using synchrotron X-ray radiation sources, a deeper understanding of these materials is made possible through detailed structural studies. In particular, this dissertation describes a series of structural phase transitions that occur upon cooling two related UICs containing alkanedione guest molecules. UICs may be classified as either commensurate or incommensurate structures, depending on whether the repeat lengths of the host (c[subscript h]) and guest (c[subscript g]) along the channel axis are related by a small whole number ratio. Crystals of 2,8-nonanedione/urea and 2,11-dodecanedione/urea, which are incommensurate structures at room temperature, undergo "lock-in" phase transitions below room temperature to generate commensurate structures in which the guest repeat lengths are elongated. Upon nucleation and growth of these elongated, commensurate phases, other molecules in the same channels are compressed to give successively shorter guest repeat lengths. Further lock-in phase transitions give a multitude of commensurate and incommensurate phases during cooling. The crystal structures of two of these commensurate phases have been determined using synchrotron sources. The "self-compression" observed in these 1-D crystals serves as a paradigm for understanding solid-state reactions in three-dimensional crystals. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Synchrotron X-ray en_US
dc.subject Urea inclusion compounds en_US
dc.subject Phase transition en_US
dc.title Synchrotron studies of "self-compression" in urea inclusion compounds en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US Doctor of Philosophy en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department Department of Chemistry en_US
dc.description.advisor Mark D. Hollingsworth en_US 2017 en_US August en_US

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