Oviposition by female plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Description and time budget analysis of behaviors in laboratory studies

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dc.contributor.author Sambaraju, K. R.
dc.contributor.author Donelson, S. L.
dc.contributor.author Bozic, J.
dc.contributor.author Phillips, Thomas W.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-09-19T22:05:03Z
dc.date.available 2016-09-19T22:05:03Z
dc.date.issued 2016-01-22
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/33937
dc.description Citation: Sambaraju, K. R., Donelson, S. L., Bozic, J., & Phillips, T. W. (2016). Oviposition by female plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Description and time budget analysis of behaviors in laboratory studies. Insects, 7(1). doi:10.3390/insects7010004
dc.description.abstract The oviposition behavior of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), a major insect pest of durable stored foods, was studied in small experimental arenas under laboratory conditions using videography, and a time budget analysis of its behaviors was documented. Resting gravid females typically became active shortly after the start of the scotophase. The characteristic behaviors exhibited by mated females prior to oviposition included antennal movement, grooming of antennae and mouth parts using the forelegs, walking or flying, and abdomen bending and dragging. Pre-oviposition behaviors such as antennal grooming and walking or flying were observed to alternate several times before females commenced the abdominal dragging behavior that preceded egg laying. Eggs were laid singly or sometimes in groups, either freely or stuck to food material. Gravid females showed little or no movement during the photophase; however, they actively flew and oviposited during the scotophase. Females allocated only a small portion of their time to oviposition while the rest of the time was spent away from food. Females oviposited on food material by making repeated visits, predominantly during the first four hours of the scotophase. Visits and time spent on food declined as the scotophase advanced. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/insects7010004
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject Behavior
dc.subject Indian Meal Moth
dc.subject Oviposition
dc.subject Photophase
dc.subject Plodia Interpunctella
dc.subject Scotophase
dc.title Oviposition by female plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Description and time budget analysis of behaviors in laboratory studies
dc.type Text
dc.date.published 2016
dc.citation.doi 10.3390/insects7010004
dc.citation.issn 2075-4450
dc.citation.issue 1
dc.citation.jtitle Insects
dc.citation.volume 7
dc.citation Sambaraju, K. R., Donelson, S. L., Bozic, J., & Phillips, T. W. (2016). Oviposition by female plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Description and time budget analysis of behaviors in laboratory studies. Insects, 7(1). doi:10.3390/insects7010004
dc.contributor.authoreid twp1
dc.description.version Article: Version of Record


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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Except where otherwise noted, the use of this item is bound by the following: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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