Blood flow responses to mild-intensity exercise in ectopic versus orthotopic prostate tumors: dependence upon host-tissue hemodynamics and vascular reactivity

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dc.contributor.author Garcia, Emmanuel
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-04T18:25:20Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-04T18:25:20Z
dc.date.issued 2016-08-01 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/32858
dc.description.abstract Given the critical role of tumor O₂ delivery on patient prognosis and the rise in preclinical exercise-oncology studies, we investigated tumor and host-tissue blood flow at rest and during exercise as well as vascular reactivity using a rat prostate cancer model grown in two transplantation sites. Methods. In male COP/CrCrl rats, blood flow (via radiolabeled microspheres) to prostate tumors (R3327-MatLyLu cells injected in the left flank (ectopic) or ventral prostate (orthotopic)) and host-tissue was measured at rest and during a bout of mild-intensity exercise. Alpha-adrenergic vasoconstriction to norepinephrine (NE: 10⁻⁹ to 10⁻⁴ M) was determined in arterioles perforating the tumors and host-tissue. To determine host-tissue exercise hyperemia in healthy tissue, a sham-operated group was included. Results. Blood flow was lower at rest and during exercise in ectopic tumors and host-tissue (subcutaneous adipose) versus the orthotopic tumor and host-tissue (prostate). During exercise, blood flow to the ectopic tumor significantly decreased by 25 ± 5%, whereas flow to the orthotopic tumor increased by 181 ± 30%. Maximal vasoconstriction to NE was not different between arterioles from either tumor location. However, there was a significantly higher peak vasoconstriction to NE in subcutaneous adipose arterioles (92 ± 7%) versus prostate arterioles (55 ± 7%). Establishment of the tumor did not alter host-tissue blood flow from either location at rest or during exercise. Conclusion. These data demonstrate blood flow in tumors is dependent on host-tissue hemodynamics and that the location of the tumor may critically affect how exercise impacts the tumor microenvironment and treatment outcomes. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship American Cancer Society en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Kinesiology en_US
dc.subject Oncology en_US
dc.subject Tumor en_US
dc.subject Hemodynamics en_US
dc.title Blood flow responses to mild-intensity exercise in ectopic versus orthotopic prostate tumors: dependence upon host-tissue hemodynamics and vascular reactivity en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree Master of Science en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department Department of Kinesiology en_US
dc.description.advisor Bradley J. Behnke en_US
dc.date.published 2016 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth August en_US


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