A wet chemistry synthesis of silver nanoparticles from bulk material

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dc.contributor.author Guimera Coll, Pablo
dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-23T18:15:10Z
dc.date.available 2016-06-23T18:15:10Z
dc.date.issued 2015-05-01 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/32790
dc.description.abstract An easier, cheaper and scalable method to obtain silver nanoparticles, AgNPs, directly from the bulk material has been obtained. Two different solvents were tried, water and ethylene glycol, the coating agent was polyvinylpyrrolidone, PVP, and two different silver sizes were used, micron size powder and silver shots, millimeter size. It was seen that changing the size of bulk silver, the temperature of reaction, the amount of oxygen, the concentration of PVP and its molecular weight all had an important influence in the synthesis of nanoparticles. Different morphologies could be obtained when these parameters were adjusted ranging from spheres to triangles and hexagons. A complex mechanism is proposed: during the first step, bulk silver is oxidized by oxygen in solution, forming a thin layer of oxidized silver on the surface. Then, PVP acts as a reducing agent at the oxidized surface, where silver becomes Ag⁰ again. At the same time that PVP reduces the oxidized silver back to metallic silver; it coordinates with the silver atoms acting as a protecting agent. That coordination between PVP and silver pulls out the atoms and produces a detachment of silver atoms from the bulk surface. These silver-PVP complexes in solution later combine to form silver nanospheres and evolve to rods first and then triangles and hexagon with longer reaction time. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Silver en_US
dc.subject Wet chemistry en_US
dc.subject Nanoparticles en_US
dc.subject Synthesis en_US
dc.subject Bulk en_US
dc.title A wet chemistry synthesis of silver nanoparticles from bulk material en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree Master of Science en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department Department of Physics en_US
dc.description.advisor Christopher M. Sorensen en_US
dc.date.published 2015 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth May en_US

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