Treatment of the Bleaching Effluent from Sulfite Pulp Production by Ceramic Membrane Filtration

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dc.contributor.author Ebrahimi, Mehrdad
dc.contributor.author Busse, Nadine
dc.contributor.author Kerker, Steffen
dc.contributor.author Schmitz, Oliver
dc.contributor.author Hilpert, Markus
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-03T21:58:13Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-03T21:58:13Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/32698
dc.description Citation: Ebrahimi, M.; Busse, N.; Kerker, S.; Schmitz, O.; Hilpert, M.; Czermak, P. Treatment of the Bleaching Effluent from Sulfite Pulp Production by Ceramic Membrane Filtration. Membranes 2016, 6, 7.
dc.description.abstract Pulp and paper waste water is one of the major sources of industrial water pollution. This study tested the suitability of ceramic tubular membrane technology as an alternative to conventional waste water treatment in the pulp and paper industry. In this context, in series batch and semi-batch membrane processes comprising microfiltration, ultrafiltration and nanofiltration, ceramic membranes were developed to reduce the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and remove residual lignin from the effluent flow during sulfite pulp production. A comparison of the ceramic membranes in terms of separation efficiency and performance revealed that the two-stage process configuration with microfiltration followed by ultrafiltration was most suitable for the efficient treatment of the alkaline bleaching effluent tested herein, reducing the COD concentration and residual lignin levels by more than 35% and 70%, respectively.
dc.relation.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/membranes6010007
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject Ceramic Membrane
dc.subject Bleaching Effluents
dc.subject Waste Water Treatment
dc.subject Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal
dc.subject Membrane Fouling
dc.subject Permeate Flux Rate
dc.title Treatment of the Bleaching Effluent from Sulfite Pulp Production by Ceramic Membrane Filtration
dc.type Article
dc.date.published 2016
dc.citation.doi 10.3390/membranes6010007
dc.citation.issn 2077-0375
dc.citation.issue 1
dc.citation.jtitle Membranes
dc.citation.volume 6
dc.contributor.authoreid pczermak


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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Except where otherwise noted, the use of this item is bound by the following: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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