Ecology of fungus gnats (Bradysia spp.) in greenhouse production systems associated with disease-interactions and alternative management strategies

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dc.contributor.author Cloyd, Raymond A.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-04T22:46:02Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-04T22:46:02Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/32309
dc.description Citation: Cloyd, R. A. (2015). Ecology of fungus gnats (Bradysia spp.) in greenhouse production systems associated with disease-interactions and alternative management strategies. Insects, 6(2), 325-332. doi:10.3390/insects6020325
dc.description Fungus gnats (Bradysia spp.) are major insect pests of greenhouse-grown horticultural crops mainly due to the direct feeding damage caused by the larvae, and the ability of larvae to transmit certain soil-borne plant pathogens. Currently, insecticides and biological control agents are being used successively to deal with fungus gnat populations in greenhouse production systems. However, these strategies may only be effective as long as greenhouse producers also implement alternative management strategies such as cultural, physical, and sanitation. This includes elimination of algae, and plant and growing medium debris; placing physical barriers onto the growing medium surface; and using materials that repel fungus gnat adults. This article describes the disease-interactions associated with fungus gnats and foliar and soil-borne diseases, and the alternative management strategies that should be considered by greenhouse producers in order to alleviate problems with fungus gnats in greenhouse production systems. © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/insects6020325
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject Cultural Control
dc.subject Diseases
dc.subject Fungus Gnats
dc.subject Greenhouse
dc.subject Pest Management
dc.subject Physical Barriers
dc.title Ecology of fungus gnats (Bradysia spp.) in greenhouse production systems associated with disease-interactions and alternative management strategies
dc.type Article
dc.date.published 2015
dc.citation.doi 10.3390/insects6020325
dc.citation.epage 332
dc.citation.issn 2075-4450
dc.citation.issue 2
dc.citation.jtitle Insects
dc.citation.spage 325
dc.citation.volume 6
dc.contributor.authoreid rcloyd


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