Human Illnesses and Animal Deaths Associated with Freshwater Harmful Algal Blooms-Kansas

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dc.contributor.author Trevino-Garrison, I.
dc.contributor.author DeMent, J.
dc.contributor.author Ahmed, F. S.
dc.contributor.author Haines-Lieber, P.
dc.contributor.author Langer, T.
dc.contributor.author Menager, H.
dc.contributor.author Neff, J.
dc.contributor.author Van Der Merwe, Deon
dc.contributor.author Carney, E.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-04T22:45:01Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-04T22:45:01Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/32286
dc.description Citation: Trevino-Garrison, I., DeMent, J., Ahmed, F. S., Haines-Lieber, P., Langer, T., Menager, H., . . . Carney, E. (2015). Human Illnesses and Animal Deaths Associated with Freshwater Harmful Algal Blooms-Kansas. Toxins, 7(2), 353-366. doi:10.3390/toxins7020353
dc.description Freshwater harmful algal bloom (FHAB) toxins can cause morbidity and mortality in both humans and animals, and the incidence of FHABs in the United States and Kansas has increased. In 2010, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) developed a FHAB policy and response plan. We describe the epidemiology of FHAB-associated morbidity and mortality in humans and animals in Kansas. Healthcare providers and veterinarians voluntarily reported FHAB-associated cases to KDHE. An investigation was initiated for each report to determine the source of exposure and to initiate public health mitigation actions. There were 38 water bodies with a confirmed FHAB in 2011. There were 34 reports of human and animal FHAB-associated health events in 2011, which included five dog deaths and hospitalization of two human case patients. Five confirmed human illnesses, two dog illnesses and five dog deaths were associated with one lake. Four human and seven dog cases were exposed to the lake after a public health alert was issued. Public health officials and FHAB partners must ensure continued awareness of the risks to the public, educate healthcare providers and veterinarians on FHAB-related health events and encourage timely reporting to public health authorities.
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins7020353
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject Microcystin Toxicosis
dc.subject United-States
dc.subject Health
dc.subject Dog
dc.subject Toxicology
dc.title Human Illnesses and Animal Deaths Associated with Freshwater Harmful Algal Blooms-Kansas
dc.type Article
dc.date.published 2015
dc.citation.doi 10.3390/toxins7020353
dc.citation.epage 366
dc.citation.issn 2072-6651
dc.citation.issue 2
dc.citation.jtitle Toxins
dc.citation.spage 353
dc.citation.volume 7
dc.contributor.authoreid dmerwe


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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Except where otherwise noted, the use of this item is bound by the following: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

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