Responses of male Greater Prairie-Chickens to wind energy development

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Show simple item record Winder, V. L. Gregory, A. J. McNew, L. B. Sandercock, Brett K. 2016-04-04T22:13:48Z 2016-04-04T22:13:48Z
dc.description Citation: Winder, V. L., Gregory, A. J., McNew, L. B., & Sandercock, B. K. (2015). Responses of male Greater Prairie-Chickens to wind energy development. Condor, 117(2), 284-296. doi:10.1650/condor-14-98.1
dc.description Renewable energy resources have received increased attention because of impacts of fossil fuels on global climate change. In Kansas, USA, optimal sites for wind energy development often overlap with preferred habitats of the Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido), a lek-mating prairie grouse of conservation concern. We tested for potential effects of energy development on male Greater Prairie-Chickens in north-central Kansas. We captured males at 23 leks located 0.04 to 28 km from wind turbines during a 2-yr preconstruction period (2007-2008) and a 3-yr postconstruction period (2009-2011). First, we tested for effects of proximity to turbines, habitat, and lek size on annual probability of lek persistence and changes in male numbers. We predicted that energy development might result in behavioral avoidance of areas close to turbines, resulting in increased rates of lek abandonment and fewer males attending surviving leks. We found that distance to turbine had a negative effect on lek persistence for leks,8 km from turbines during the postconstruction period, supporting the 8-km buffer zone recommended by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as an offset for wind energy projects. Additionally, lek persistence was positively related to number of males counted at a lek and with grassland cover surrounding the lek. Second, we tested for effects of wind energy development on male body mass. We predicted that degraded habitat conditions might result in decreased body mass for males attending leks near turbines during the postconstruction period. Male body mass was similar to 2% lower during the postconstruction period, but distance to turbine did not affect body mass. Additional study is needed to determine whether short-term effects of turbines on lek persistence influence population viability of Greater Prairie-Chickens.
dc.subject Behavioral Avoidance
dc.subject Body Mass
dc.subject Grouse
dc.subject Lek Abandonment
dc.subject Male Age
dc.subject Tympanuchus Cupido
dc.title Responses of male Greater Prairie-Chickens to wind energy development
dc.type Article 2015
dc.citation.doi 10.1650/condor-14-98.1
dc.citation.epage 296
dc.citation.issn 0010-5422
dc.citation.issue 2
dc.citation.jtitle Condor
dc.citation.spage 284
dc.citation.volume 117
dc.contributor.authoreid bsanderc

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