A plaza design to promote sociability for Kansas State University’s North Quadrangle based on observational analysis of user behaviors

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dc.contributor.author Shrestha, Subik Kumar
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-20T14:34:38Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-20T14:34:38Z
dc.date.issued 2015-12-01 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/20548
dc.description.abstract This thesis draws on observations of user behaviors in Kansas State University’s North Quadrangle to propose a plaza design for a site within the quadrangle adjacent to Cardwell Hall. As a practical method for conducting environment-behavior research, the thesis gathered observations of moving and resting behaviors to understand the North Quadrangle’s current usages. The observations of moving behaviors provided evidence for identifying potential spaces within the North Quadrangle where a plaza might be designed and built. In turn, observations of resting behaviors provided an understanding of sitting and standing behaviors in the North Quadrangle plaza. In terms of research related to plaza behavior and design, the most significant work drawn upon was William Whyte’s The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces (Whyte, 1980). According to Whyte, a plaza is sociable if large numbers of people are drawn to it informally in the course of their everyday activities and movements. In this regard, the design aim of the proposed plaza is to promote sociability within the North Quadrangle by attracting pedestrians traversing the North Quadrangle’s busiest pathways and thus drawing them into the plaza. More specifically, to promote plaza sociability, the design makes use of the three most important plaza-design factors identified by Whyte: (1) location; (2) street-plaza relationship; and (3) seating. In other words, first, the plaza should be located near large pools of potential users; second, the plaza should be designed as an extension of the most heavily trafficked pathways; and third, the plaza should incorporate sitting opportunities for users via seating that is physically and socially comfortable. The behavioral observations and guidance provided by the literature review have been used to generate twelve design guidelines on which the proposed plaza design is based. The presentation of final plaza design incorporates explanations of these twelve guidelines followed by illustrated design schemes. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Architecture en_US
dc.subject Urban design en_US
dc.subject Sociability en_US
dc.subject Plaza design en_US
dc.subject Campus open spaces en_US
dc.subject Behavioral research en_US
dc.title A plaza design to promote sociability for Kansas State University’s North Quadrangle based on observational analysis of user behaviors en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.degree Master of Science en_US
dc.description.level Masters en_US
dc.description.department Department of Architecture en_US
dc.description.advisor David Seamon en_US
dc.subject.umi Architecture (0729) en_US
dc.subject.umi Landscape Architecture (0390) en_US
dc.subject.umi Urban Planning (0999) en_US
dc.date.published 2015 en_US
dc.date.graduationmonth December en_US

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