The role of proteasome specific chaperones and quality control in assembly of the proteasome

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Show simple item record Wani, Prashant Sadanand 2015-11-18T21:05:25Z 2015-11-18T21:05:25Z 2015-12-01 en_US
dc.description.abstract The proteasome is a large protease in the cell that contributes to the controlled degradation of proteins. This 2.5MDa 26S proteasome complex consists of a 19S regulatory particle (RP) that recognizes substrates and a 20S proteolytic core particle (CP) that hydrolyses substrates. To function optimally all 66 subunits of the proteasome complex need to assemble properly. Efficient and accurate assembly of the proteasome is achieved with the help of proteins that can monitor the quality of the proteasome during pre- and post-assembly processes. The work in this thesis described an investigation into two of such quality control mechanisms. Pba1-Pba2 dimer has been known to facilitate the CP assembly by interacting with the top of the α-ring of CP throughout CP maturation. After CP maturation, RP utilizes same surface to form a CP-RP complex. Our data showed that Pba1-Pba2 binds tightly to the immature CP and prevents RP association. Once matured CP has a reduced affinity for Pba1-Pba2 and shows a higher affinity towards RP, resulting the formation of 26S proteasome complex. Our results imply that during maturation, CP undergoes conformational changes that results in this switch in affinity. Mathematical models indicate that during assembly such an 'affinity switch' quality control mechanism is required to prevent immature CP-RP complex formations. These types of wrong dead end products prevent efficient proteasome complex formation. Proteasomes formed with post-assembly defects are enriched with the proteasome associated protein Ecm29. Here Ecm29 is proposed to function as a quality control factor that inhibits such defective proteasomes to avoid aberrant protein degradation. This would require Ecm29 to preferably bind to mutant proteasomes. While we know Ecm29 interacts with RP as well as CP, we still don’t understand well how it binds to proteasomes holoenzyme. Here, we identify that besides the Rpt5 subunit of RP, Ecm29 binds to alpha7. We showed that conserved acidic residues containing unstructured C-terminal region of the CP subunit alpha7 facilitates the Ecm29-Proteasome interactions. Further mapping revealed the importance of phosphorylation of serine residues at the alpha7 C-terminal tail for Ecm29 interaction. We anticipate that this study leads to identification of specificity of the Ecm29 for the defective proteasomes. Overall this will help us to understand the role of Ecm29 in regulation of defective proteasomes in vivo. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University en
dc.subject Proteasome en_US
dc.subject Chaperones en_US
dc.subject Quality control en_US
dc.subject Proteasome assembly en_US
dc.title The role of proteasome specific chaperones and quality control in assembly of the proteasome en_US
dc.type Dissertation en_US Doctor of Philosophy en_US
dc.description.level Doctoral en_US
dc.description.department Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics en_US
dc.description.advisor Jeroen Roelofs en_US
dc.subject.umi Biochemistry (0487) en_US
dc.subject.umi Cellular Biology (0379) en_US 2015 en_US December en_US

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