U.S. - South America ocean grain freight spreads

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dc.contributor.author O'Neil, Jay
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-16T20:08:34Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-16T20:08:34Z
dc.date.issued 2015-03-16
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/18876
dc.description.abstract This study highlights the market influences that affect ocean freight spreads between North and South American ports of origin to Asia and how these spreads affect the competitiveness of U.S. grain exports to Asia. Rate comparisons from the U.S. Gulf to China have been used as opposed to the U.S. Pacific Northwest (PNW) because of the limitations presented by the Panama Canal and the Canal transit costs as this is where the Atlantic freight spread competition exists. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Kansas State University. International Grains Program Institute en_US
dc.subject Grain exports en_US
dc.subject North America en_US
dc.subject South America en_US
dc.subject Asia en_US
dc.subject Costs en_US
dc.title U.S. - South America ocean grain freight spreads en_US
dc.type Technical Report en_US
dc.date.published 2015 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid joneil en_US


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