Investigation of differences between male and female young drivers using injury severity models

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dc.contributor.author Amarasingha, Niranga
dc.contributor.author Dissanayake, Sunanda
dc.date.accessioned 2014-08-28T19:55:16Z
dc.date.available 2014-08-28T19:55:16Z
dc.date.issued 2014-08-28
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2097/18289
dc.description.abstract Problem: Gender differences of young drivers involved in crashes and the associated differences in risk factors have not been fully explored in the United States (U.S.). Accordingly, this study investigated the topic, where the Odds Ratios (OR) were used to identify differences in crash involvements between male and female young drivers. Method: Logistic regression models for injury severity of young male drivers and young female drivers were also developed. Different driver, environmental, vehicle, and road related factors that have affected young female drivers’ and young male drivers’ crash involvement were identified using the models. Results: Results indicated that some variables are significantly related to female drivers’ injury risk but not male drivers’ injury risk and vice versa.Variables such as driving with valid licenses, driving on weekends, avoidance or slow maneuvers at time of crash, non-collision and overturn crashes and collision with a pedestrian were significant variables in female driver injury severity model but not in young male driver severity model. Travel on unleveled roadways, travel on concrete surfaces, travel on wet road surfaces, collision with another vehicle, rear-end collisions were variables that were significant in male driver severity model but not in female driver severity model. Summary: Factors which increase young female drivers’ injury severity and young male drivers’ injury severity were identified. Some factors are significantly related to female drivers’ injury risk but not male drivers’ injury risk and vice versa. This study adds detailed information about gender differences and similarities in injury severity risk of young drivers. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022437514000358 en_US
dc.subject Gender en_US
dc.subject Young drivers en_US
dc.subject Driving safety issues en_US
dc.subject Severity modeling en_US
dc.subject Crash data analysis en_US
dc.title Investigation of differences between male and female young drivers using injury severity models en_US
dc.title.alternative Gender differences of young drivers on injury severity outcome of highway crashes en_US
dc.type Article (author version) en_US
dc.date.published 2014 en_US
dc.citation.doi doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2014.03.004 en_US
dc.citation.epage 120 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Journal of Safety Research en_US
dc.citation.spage 113 en_US
dc.citation.volume 49 en_US
dc.contributor.authoreid sunanda en_US


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